1/ I love learning about the markets. There are some brilliant people I’ve found on Twitter who have provided great insights (among others):


But this thread is (mostly) about @profplum99

2/ Mike has an encyclopedic knowledge of market history. This interview by @DiMartinoBooth (who I also have a lot of respect for) puts that on clear display.

Mike’s explanation of passive investing and its effects on the markets was eye-opening.
3/ According to research conducted by Anadu et al for the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, passive funds made up 48% of US equity assets under management in March 2020. That number was just 14% in 2005. Meaning 8.6% annualized growth over 15 years.

4/ Per Mike, “passive funds have this really simple algorithm: if you give me cash, I buy.” No fundamental valuation, just buying the current market-weighted index, which means a stock gets greater representation in your fund the higher its current market value.
5/ Employers and pension fund managers are predictably contributing to IRAs through fixed salary percentages on a monthly basis. And passive funds typically hold tens of basis points of cash on the sidelines because, per Mike, “it’s toxic to their business model.”
6/ I called one of my best friends, an investment advisor who I’ve known since grade 7 and said, “I gotta get a number—give me a number!” He immediately responded, “4”—his hockey jersey number—and then proceeded to tell me that active funds have four to 16% of their AUM in cash.
7/ So, thousands of percentage points higher than passive funds. Meaning trillions of dollars are being inefficiently (from an EMH perspective) pumped into the markets through a sheer desire to reduce fees—delaminating price from fundamental reality in an exponential function.
8/ All fuelled by MMT, negative real interest rates, towering debt levels, hyper-financialization, and millennials YOLOing stimulus checks into whatever the hell they want because they’re fed up with a system that appears unlikely to ever afford them a house with a fenced yard.
9/ Short interest is at an all-time high but the shorts are getting bankrupted because the whole thing is strapped to @elonmusk’s rockets 🚀—so far, the #Challenger hasn’t exploded yet, just Melvin Capital Management in its battle with #reddit traders over the value of #GME
10/ Took some #Bitcoin off the table a couple days ago. Thanks @profplum99. Need to attempt rationality in this market. The numbers are too big in the #USDT debacle and I don’t have any good reason to believe reserves are even close to backed 1:1.

Still a Bitcoin believer though
11/ With high volatility and variance/polarization, the markets and citizenry spend little time at the mean, but the older I get the more I realize #balance is important, as eloquently put by one of the best investors of 2020, @chamath, in his interview last year with @RaoulGMI
12/ I watched Mike’s debate with @nic__carter and came away convinced that my #Bitcoin thesis was still right. I immediately wrote a summary of the interview, mostly detailing my objections to Mike’s points (supported strongly by Nic’s great performance). https://twitter.com/jasonnelford/status/1353568178694098944
13/ Only after I wrote that thread and declared my bias confirmed did I read the Crypto Anonymous paper and watch recent interviews with the executives at #Tether and #Deltec. “Hmm,” I thought, “why are so few Bitcoiners taking this seriously?”

Maybe Mike had a point...
14/ The likely Tether fraud absolutely needs to be taken seriously, but I still believe in #Bitcoin . The deeper I go in my study of the markets, the more I see relativism—ie, comparing one unhinged thing to another—and the less I see any fundamental grounding to economic reality.
15/ It’s like we went from a #Newtonian understanding of the world where gravity kept things in check to an #Einsteinian one where things now go boom in atomic positive feedback loops—eg, the only way out of a gargantuan debt bubble is by issuing exponentially more.
16/ I believe #Bitcoin can theoretically solve this, acting as a ballast in this wildly unstable economic experiment. @nic__carter was right: we have only been on this pure #fiat experiment for 50 years.
17/ In sum, thank you @profplum99. I’m learning a lot from you and will continue to listen with an open mind.
You can follow @JasonNelford.
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