Let's begin your history lesson.
Due to a rapid increase of Black migrants to the city, mobs of 200-300 white rioters attacked Black neighborhoods hoping to push them out of the city.
Week long riot, put down by military force. Resentment of Black Americans caused rioters to control whole sections of the city while they attacked the homes, businesses, and churches of abolitionist leaders & ransacked black neighborhoods.
Furious that the hall was being used for abolitionist meetings and speeches given by Black people and women, a mob destroyed the hall.
Four "fugitive" enslaved persons hid in Christiana, PA. A Maryland mob intent on recapturing them were met by defenders and a fight ensued. The slaveowner died in this fight and the incident polarized the national slavery debate.
The white working class was upset b/c of the Civil War draft and resented free Black people who were employed in Lower Manhattan. White rioters attacked Black people throughout the city. The death toll was 119+ people.
-46 Black ppl
-2 whites killed
-75 Black ppl injured
-100 Black ppl robbed
-5 black women raped
-91 homes, 4 churches, 8 schools (every black church and school) burned
Unarmed protesters (Black veterans) arrived to rally for voting rights. They were met by a group of armed whites who opposed abolition. The marchers were stabbed, kicked, clubbed, and shot. 50 people were killed.
"The deadliest massacre in reconstruction-era Louisiana happened 150 years ago." (Smithsonian) A white school teacher/journalist on the side of Black liberation was beaten. Black ppl were accused of plotting revenge and 250 people were killed.
Black men were accused of inciting a riot, starting a fire, and organizing. During the trial, the judge was shot in the courtroom and a gunfight erupted. 30 Black people were murdered over the following days.
White supremacists wanted to regain control of state governments and eradicate the civil rights of Black Americans. 100 white men attacked Black people. 94 white men were indicted for murder by a coroner's jury, none were prosecuted.
Ed and Charley Brown, who were part Native American and Black, spilled molasses they were delivering. They were accused of intentionally spilling the molasses. An argument ended in all men wounded…during the trial…
Cane cutters, while "free," weren't allowed to own land, rent, and their families lived in old slave cabins. Instead of cash, workers got scrip that bought basics at plantation stores. Workers banded together in several sugar parishes…
Non-union Black dockworkers were attacked by white dockworkers, accused of agreeing to lower wages. The riot left six Black laborers dead and many other wounded.
Birmingham miners arrive to Virden, to help during a strike. Greeted by 300 armed white miners. 7 striking miners and 5 guards were killed, with as many as thirty individuals wounded, including a Black Birmingham miner.
After an editorial in a Black newspaper, A white mob of 400-500 ppl marched into the newspaper office, smashed the press, and burned down the building. The rioters delayed a Black fire company long enough to ensure destruction of the property.
(Who gets to write history?)
Black workers were hired to fill labor shortages in brick yards. Several strikes broke out at multiple brickyards as non-Black workers protested the hiring of more Black ppl. Racial tensions and fights broke out. 2 Black men were injured.
This is the NYTimes:
Black laborer Robert Charles fatally shot a white police officer. Manhunt for him ensued, and a white mob started rioting, attacking Black ppl throughout the city. 4 days later, Charles was shot by a "special police volunteer."
Two Black men were accused of rape and murder. When a sheriff moved them out of the city for trial, a mob of 5,000 murdered Black citizens on the streets. 16 people died. 1 Black suspect was convicted and sentenced to death and the other was let go.
Rumor was: Black men were speaking to white women during a labor meeting. Thousands of white men marched into downtown East St. Louis and began attacking Black ppl and burning buildings. 6,000 Black ppl were left homeless. Deaths in the hundreds.
Eugene Williams, a Black child, drifted into a "white swimming area" at an informally segregated beach. Black neighbors near white areas were attacked, white gangs went in2 Black neighborhoods, and black workers seeking to get to and from employment were attacked.
-537 were injured, 2/3 Black
-1,000 Black residents were left homeless
-Many Black families had left by train before the rioting ended, returning to the South.
A lynch mob stormed the county jail in search of Maurice Mays, a biracial man who had been accused of murdering a white woman. When they couldn't find him, they destroyed and shot up the Black neighborhood.
Black sharecroppers wanted better wages. During a labor gathering in a church, "a group of local white men, some of whom may have been affiliated with local law enforcement, fired shots into the church." Rumors of an "insurrection" started…
Black Wall Street was a prosperous Black area in Tulsa. A Black teen was accused of assaulting an elevator operator. The threat of lynching loomed and 75 Black ppl showed up to protect the teen, met by 1500 armed white ppl. Shots broke out and Black ppl fled.
(Those #s are thought to be much higher.) https://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties/tulsa-race-massacre
In 1921, White rioters destroyed a beacon of Black prosperity and security. They killed as many as 300 black Tulsans, left thousands homeless, and ransacked an entire neighborhood. At the time, there...https://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/hbo-2019/the-massacre-of-black-wall-street/3217/
White men lynched a black Rosewood resident b/c of accusations that a WW had been beaten and possibly raped by a Black drifter. 100s of whites combed the countryside for Black ppl and burned almost every structure in Rosewood…
Rumors that a Black Puerto Rican teenage shoplifter was beaten by employees at a store circulated. A demonstration was held outside the store and, after someone threw a rock through the window, more destruction of the store and others took place.
Black and white youth started fighting, after years of tensions. Issues amplified after a rumor spread that a Black mother and child were thrown in the Detroit River. Black ppl looted/destroyed property as retaliation. White ppl did the same to Black areas.
-25 Black and most at the hands of the white police force; -433 were wounded, (75% of them Black)
Most of the riot and damage took place in the Black area of Paradise Valley, the poorest neighborhood of the city.
A Black World War II veteran, and his mother, went 2 a local dept. store, to pick up the radio they had taken for repair, not knowing it had been sold to another customer. When they demanded the radio, a store employee confronted her.
Gloria Richardson led the local chapter of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The group organized sit-ins, freedom rides, and other peaceful anti-segregation protests. Multiple clashes/attacks happened w/ protestors.
(Have you noticed history repeating itself, in this thread?)
6-day period of rioting in Harlem after a white off-duty police officer shot and killed a Black teenager.
-250 stores were looted
-5 white people died
Rochester, New York’s uprising began on July 24, 1964. It occurred less than a week after the Harlem Riot. The Rochester Rebellion came as a surprise to many white residents because of the city’s...https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/rochester-rebellion-july-1964/
Black woman arrested for disorderly conduct. "Arthur Mays, the older brother of future Olympic star and politician Charles Mays, intervened and was himself arrested." A crowd of protesters marched/rioted complaining about police brutality.
Black teens, returning home from a school dance, began throwing rocks at passing police cars. Mayor had previously deputized the police and told them to “shoot to kill” if their lives or the “property of the police” were threatened.
"1964 WAS A SUMMER THAT NO ONE FORGOT." -My Auntie
300+ officers on the ground, with tear gas and riot gear…it was clear what they were ordered to do…despite the Mayor rescinding his initial statement.
Woman accused of shoplifting a bottle of gin was wrestled to the ground and beaten by the owner and arrested. Black ppl took to the streets in anger. They picketed the liquor store, attacked it, looted it and burned nearby buildings.
Black woman argues with bar over a donation box and is thrown out. The same business has a sign that says "No Ice/Water for N---rs." Black people gather to protest the business. Rioting ensued.
4 Black ppl killed
50 ppl injured
Lester Mitchell, a thirty-nine-year-old Black man, was shot in the face while sweeping his front porch. Witnesses saw white men in the car that did the drive-by. After years of discrimination, the death of Mitchell sparked rioting and looting across the city.
Officer Alvin Johnson shot and killed Matthew 'Peanut' Johnson (no relation), a teenager who was fleeing the scene of a stolen car. Suspended w/out pay. A peace meeting was called at the community center. It wasn't peaceful…
Newark riots was one of 159 riots that swept cities in the United States during the "Long Hot Summer of 1967". (Welp. Guess that’s every summer.)
2 officers beat and arrest a Black cab driver. 4days of rioting, looting, and property destruction, 26 dead.
Police raided a club in resulting in 43 riot deaths, 1,189 injured, more than 7,200 arrests and hundreds of millions of dollars in damages. The riots flowed to Flint, Michigan & the Black neighborhood suffered damages.
PS—FLINT STILL DOES NOT HAVE CLEAN WATER.
A Black 14 y.o. is arrested. 200 young Black people gather to protest. 2 arrests were made. Both teens.
The riot began July 25, 1967 when the community thought youth were harmed. “No one was killed. Police reported 44 injuries and 350 arrests. Rioters looted, torched businesses and abandoned houses, and threw rocks at police and firefighters.” (MLive)
Greatest wave of social unrest the United States had experienced since the Civil War, after the assassination of Dr. MLK Jr.
Hartford barely recovered from the King riots via the Black community, when the Puerto Rican community stood up to police discrimination in 1969.
Residents protested rat infested housing, police/employment discrimination and more.
Riot following the death of a Puerto Rican driver at the hands of white police officers. Latinx residents took to the streets. 15 major fires were set before order was restored. 90 injured. Officers acquitted by a jury.
Arthur McDuffie, a black salesman and former Marine, died from injuries sustained at the hands of 4 officers trying to arrest him after a high-speed chase.
Officers were tried and acquitted for manslaughter and evidence tampering, among other charges.
Racial tensions between the Black and Jewish community of Crown Heights resulted in riots and deaths on both sides. Jewish men and a Guyanese child died.
“Unrest began in LA after a trial jury acquitted four officers of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) for usage of excessive force in the arrest and beating of Rodney King, which had been videotaped and widely viewed in TV broadcasts.”
This week 25 years ago, policemen were acquitted in the savage beating of African-American Rodney King. Five days of riots, arson and looting ensued, fueled by deep-rooted tensions that persist today.https://www.npr.org/2017/04/26/524744989/when-la-erupted-in-anger-a-look-back-at-the-rodney-king-riots
Day after the not guilty verdict, for Rodney King’s abusers...protesters in LV peacefully marched from the Blk community on the Westside to downtown. Before they made it there officers ordered them to turn around.
Black unarmed teenage driver was murdered during a traffic stop. Shot 3 times. Protests began. Riots ensued.
Rest In Peace, Tyron Lewis.
After desegregation, Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter, entered campus to register for classes. They were met by mobs yelling racial slurs. They slept in dorms while rioters yelled and threw rocks at their windows. The Dean of Students decided...
400 faculty members petitioned for their return. Students returned.
(Charlayne and reporter, below.)
Segregationists rioted after the enrollment of James Meredith, a Black veteran, at the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss).
3 ppl killed.
1/3 of enforcement personnel injured.
This incident was labeled as a riot, but many don’t agree. Racial tensions existed due to frequent discrimination. The city used ponds located in the Black neighborhood as dumps and an 11-year old drown in a garbage-filled pond.
A civil rights protest (pushing back at a whites-only bowling alley) at SC State turned deadly after police shot at 200 unarmed Black student (also Claflin Univ.) protestors.
3 young men killed.
Riots sparked after 19-year-old Timothy Thomas, an unarmed Black man, was shot and killed by Cincinnati Officer Stephen Roach during an attempt to arrest him for non-violent misdemeanors. Peaceful march to victim’s home. Police arrived.
Oscar Grant III, 22-year-old Black man, was murdered in the early morning hours of New Year's Day 2009 Police Officer Johannes Mehserle. Both peaceful and violent protests and riots followed.
Protests held in 100+ US cities after the murder of Trayvon Martin. Cities geared up for a fight but instead had peaceful protests.
Riots began after the fatal shooting of Michael Brown by police officer Darren Wilson + MB’s body lay in the street for FOUR HOURS. Police established curfews and deployed riot squads to maintain order before protests began.
Officers arrested Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old Black man. Gray sustained injuries to his neck and spine while in transport in a police vehicle. Gray died the following day.
Protests and riots began.
2 people shot.
1 fire victim.
SUPPORT HIM. BUY HIS WORK. CREDIT HIM.
His book: https://www.haymarketbooks.org/books/1063-a-beautiful-ghetto
Nine people: Tywanza Sanders, Susie Jackson, Cynthia Marie Graham Hurd, Ethel Lee Lance, Depayne Middleton Doctor, Daniel Simmons, Sharonda Coleman Singleton, Myra Thompson, and Clementa C. Pinckney.
Were murdered by a white supremacist....
A 23-year-old Black man, Sylville K. Smith, was shot and killed by a 24-year-old Black police officer. Hundreds gathered to protest.
4 officers were injured.
An officer, shot and killed a 43-year-old Black man named Keith Lamont Scott. They thought he had a gun. It was a book. Demonstrators arrived and a riot ensued.
One protestor killed.
Rest in Peace, Kieth Lamont Scott.
History repeats itself.
Until we learn & accept that history and decide to be on the side of justice...
Many of the deaths recorded in these incidents were inaccurate. Govt, “historians”, “journalists”, “urban planners”, and architects published low numbers and hid mass grave sites, burned down structures, and destroyed Black archives.
"I'm as confident as I can be in the results that this is a very big candidate for something associated with the massacre," a senior researcher at the Oklahoma Archeological Survey said on Monday.https://www.npr.org/2019/12/17/789015343/new-research-identifies-possible-mass-graves-from1921-tulsa-race-massacre
Legislation before the General Assembly would increase protections for local cemeteries that have been abandoned, bulldozed or just neglected — like the cemetery beneath a strip mall in Northeast...https://www.baltimoresun.com/maryland/baltimore-city/bs-md-ci-laurel-cemetery-excavation-20180313-story.html
“As a result, the contractors removing the remains had no idea where to look for them and bodies were often caught by the steam shovel and “carried off to the dump before anything can be done.” https://nycemetery.wordpress.com/tag/weeksville/
Lost? Seriously? https://www.journal-news.com/news/national/120-graves-from-lost-cemetery-found-beneath-florida-housing-complex/uzBgM6IZfCFcKuBrh9gYfL/
Ground-penetrating radar found more than 120 gravesites, the remains of a lost cemetery for black re...https://www.journal-news.com/news/national/120-graves-from-lost-cemetery-found-beneath-florida-housing-complex/uzBgM6IZfCFcKuBrh9gYfL/
I can’t stop thinking about these coverups. They jumped to the forefront of my thoughts when they tried to blame #GeorgeFloyd for his own death.
How many more incidents aren’t filmed, recorded, or are hidden in plain sight?
@kendricklamar @rapsody @LupeFiasco @BIGKRIT
Thank you, @mochamomma. Always and forever framing.