#365womeninSTEM Let's try this for 2020, a thread that will highlight a woman in STEM every day #womeninscience #WomenInSTEM (in no particular order - You, you, maybe you😊- I will try to avoid the obvious). ⬇
#365womeninSTEM 1⃣ Margarita Salas (1938-2019) 🇪🇸 A pioneer in genetics and molecular biology (direction of reading of the genetic essage, the phi29 DNA polymerase) https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03758-z
#365womeninSTEM 2⃣ Maud Leonora Menten (1879-1960) 🇨🇦 Canadian biochemist best known for her work on enzyme kinetics (Michaelis–Menten) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Maud-Leonora-Menten
#365womeninSTEM 3⃣ Wang Zhenyi (1768-1797) 🇨🇳 Zhenyi's greatest contribution to science was her explanation of eclipses. She was also an accomplished poet and believed in the equity of men and women http://www.theworldofchinese.com/2014/10/badass-ladies-of-chinese-history-wang-zhenyi/
#366womeninSTEM 😋 4⃣ Shirley Ann Jackson (1946- ) 🇺🇸 Telecommunications Inventions. The 1st African-American woman to be awarded a PhD by MIT & the 2nd to be awarded a PhD in physics in the whole of USA https://www.womenofthehall.org/inductee/shirley-ann-jackson/
(credits @MIT)
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣ Alice Augusta Ball (1892-1916) 🇺🇸 A chemist who developed an injectable form of the active agents in chaulmoogra oil, which was used for 20 years to treat Hansen’s disease (leprosy). https://scientificwomen.net/women/ball-alice-121
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣ Emmy Stein (1879-1954) 🇩🇪 A botanist who was one of the first to study the effect of radiation on plants. She demonstrated in 1921 that ionizing radiation induces mutations in snapdragons (before the work of HJ Muller in drosophila).

#366womeninSTEM 7⃣ Sophie Germain (1776-1831) 🇫🇷 Mathematician, autodidact. She contributed notably to the study of acoustics, elasticity, & the theory of numbers. To avoid being dismissed as a woman, she wrote letters under the pseudonym Auguste LeBlanc. https://www.thoughtco.com/sophie-germain-biography-3530360
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣ Francisca Nneka Okeke (1956- ) 🇳🇬 Professor of Physics at the University of Nigeria. L’Oreal-UNESCO Awardee in 2013 for her significant contributions to the understanding of daily variations of the ion currents in the upper atmosphere. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/special-themes/science-education/inspiring-youth/inspiring-youth-francisca-nneka-okeke/
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣ Tikvah Alper (1909-1995) 🇿🇦 Worked on alpha particles with Lise Meitner. She was among the first to find evidence indicating that the infectious agent in Scrapie does not contain nucleic acid (in 1967 --> https://www.nature.com/articles/214764a0)
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣ Louise-Amélie Leblois (1860- ?) 🇫🇷 She was the first woman in France to receive a doctorate (in natural sciences in 1888). Contrary to popular belief, Marie Curie is not the 1st woman in France to receive a doctorate, she was the 1st in physics (in 1903).
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣ Jessica Alice Feinmann Wade (1988- ) 🇬🇧 @jesswade is a physicist who, alongside working on OLEDs, campaigns tirelessly to increase diversity in Science. She had written hundreds of biographies of female scientists on Wikipedia. https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/science-women-wikipedia-biography-sexism-academia-physics-a-level-a8773631.html
#366womeninSTEM This thread is partly inspired by her amazing contributions to science, diversity and inclusion #womeninSTEM and many portraits of women in science you will find here are sources in @jesswade 's Wikipedia articles.
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣ Faiza Mohammed Al-Kharafi 🇰🇼 (1946- ) Kuwaiti chemist, she has greatly advanced the development of her country's energy & oil refining industries over the past years through her scientific research on metal corrosion. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faiza_Al-Kharafi
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣ Emmanuelle Charpentier @manue_lab (1968- ) 🇫🇷 Microbiologist now director at the Max Planck Unit for the science of pathogens in 🇩🇪. Her research with Doudna on bacterial immune system laid the foundation for the #CRISPR technology. https://www.nature.com/news/the-quiet-revolutionary-how-the-co-discovery-of-crispr-explosively-changed-emmanuelle-charpentier-s-life-1.19814
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣ Katherine Johnson (1918- ) 🇺🇸 The inspiring women behind the early days of NASA have gone unoticed until recently thanks to @margotshetterly 's amazing book 'Hidden Figures'. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/feb/05/hidden-figures-black-female-scientists-african-americans-margot-lee-shetterly-space-race
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣ Miriam Friedman Menkin (1901-1992) 🇱🇻 🇺🇸 American scientist (born in Riga, Latvia) that performed the first laboratory fertilization of a human egg in 1944 (with John Rock). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miriam_Menkin h/t @notSoJunkDNA
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣ Katsuko Saruhashi (1920-2007) 🇯🇵 Japenese geochemist. She was among the first to measure carbon dioxide levels in seawater and raised international awareness about the dangers of radioactive fallout as an atmospheric pollutant. https://massivesci.com/articles/katsuko-saruhashi-geochemistry-seawater-japan/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣ Maryam Mirzakhani (1977-2017) 🇮🇷 A native of Iran, Mirzakhani studied curved surfaces and is the first and to-date only female winner of the Fields Medal since its inception in 1936. Prematurely gone, in 2017. https://news.stanford.edu/2017/07/15/maryam-mirzakhani-stanford-mathematician-and-fields-medal-winner-dies/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣ Janaki Ammal (1897-1984) 🇮🇳 A talented plant scientist who developed several hybrid crop species still grown today, including varieties of sweet sugarcane that India could grow on its own lands instead of importing from abroad. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/pioneering-female-botanist-who-sweetened-nation-and-saved-valley-180972765/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣ Ynes Mexia (1870-1938) 🇲🇽 🇺🇸 Mexican-American botanist that collected more than 150,000 specimens and more than 500 new species throughout her career. https://massivesci.com/articles/ynes-mexia-our-heroes/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣ Victoria Forster @vickyyyf (1987- ) 🇬🇧 British biologist focusing on pediatric cancer and pediatric cancer predisposition syndromes. She fights cancer as a patient - and now as a scientist. Truly inspirational https://www.theguardian.com/society/2012/jul/01/vicky-forster-cancer-science-newcastle
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣ Hope E. Hopps (1926-1988) 🇺🇸 She was a specialist in infectious diseases & vaccine development. She developed with Harry M. Meyer & Paul J. Parkman the rubella vaccine in 1965-66. https://circulatingnow.nlm.nih.gov/2018/09/06/finding-hope-a-womans-place-is-in-the-lab/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣ Sofia Kovalevskaïa (1850-1891) 🇷🇺 Overcoming the prejudices of her age, she came up with groundbreaking mathematical theories (partial differential equations - the Cauchy-Kovalevskaïa Theorem.) and paved the way for future discoveries. https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/science/mathematics/sofia-kovalevskaya-the-woman-who-covered-the-walls-of-her-room-in-theorems/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣ Emily Warren Roebling (1843-1903) 🇺🇸 She took over the Brooklyn Bridge project when her husband fell seriously ill. For over a decade, she oversaw the work, fulfilling the majority of the chief engineer's responsibilities on her own. https://www.amightygirl.com/blog?p=25975 
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣ Chantal Abergel (1961- ) 🇫🇷 Her pioneering work with JM Claverie & D Raoult has led to the discovery of several giant viruses. Giant viruses unlike anything seen before blurred the line between the viral and cellular world. https://news.cnrs.fr/articles/chantal-abergel-viruses-under-her-skin
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣ Edith Heard @heard_lab (1965- ) 🇬🇧🇫🇷 An international epigenetics specialist, Edith's major discoveries include the mechanisms involved in the regulation of X-chromosome inactivation. Director of the @embl https://www.embl.de/aboutus/general_information/leadership/dg/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣ Maria Helena Braga (1971- ) 🇵🇹 Sh has developed with J. Goodenough the first all-solid-state battery cells that could lead to safer, faster-charging, longer-lasting rechargeable batteries. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Helena_Braga
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣ Fabiola Gianotti (1960- ) @FabiolaGianotti 🇮🇹 Italian particule physicist, first woman to become director general of @cern. Project leader of the ATLAS project involved in the observation of the Higgs boson https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/07/science/fabiola-gianotti-physics-cern.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣ Esther Lederberg (1922-2006) 🇺🇸 A pioneer in bacterial genetics (she discovered the lambda phage). Like many female scientists, Esther Lederberg saw her achievements overshadowed by a man’s (her husband). https://time.com/longform/esther-lederberg/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣ Agnes Pockels (1862-1935) 🇩🇪 With no formal training in chemistry, she initially carried out experiments in her kitchen, later being recognised as a pioneer of surface science. Langmuir earned the Nobel for similar discoveries in 1932 http://www.rsc.org/diversity/175-faces/all-faces/agnes-pockels/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣ Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze (1758-1836) 🇫🇷 wife of Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier. She assisted him in carrying out his work, translating into French several publications & drawing all the explanatory pictures illustrating his Elementary Treatise on chemistry.
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣ Louise Bourgeois (1563-1636) 🇫🇷 Midwife to the Queen of France (Marie de’ Medici, 1575-1642), Louise Bourgeois was the first woman to wrote a book on childbirth practices. https://rcogheritage.wordpress.com/2015/11/16/louise-bourgeoiss-observations-the-earliest-printed-work-by-a-midwife/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣ Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) 🇬🇧 We all know her story, she played a crucial role in the discovery of DNA's structure (What did Watson & Crick discover? Rosalind Franklin's lab book). https://www.jax.org/news-and-insights/jax-blog/2016/july/women-in-science-rosalind-franklin
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣ Tanya Monro @CDS_Australia (1973- ) 🇦🇺 Professor Tanya Monro is internationally known for her work in photonics. She is the first woman to held the role of Chief Defence Scientist. https://cosmosmagazine.com/physics/her-brilliant-career
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣ Abbie E. C. Lathrop (1868 – 1918) 🇺🇸 Lathrop made a significant contribution to the development of inbred mice. The mouse strain C57BL/6J is derived from one of Lathrop’s animals—mouse number 57—bred by C.C. Little. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/history-breeding-mice-science-leads-back-woman-barn-180968441/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣ Xiaowei Zhuang (1972- ) 🇨🇳 Xiaowei Zhuang is one of the pioneers in the field of super-resolution microscopy. She developed stochastic optical-reconstruction microscopy (STORM) 15 years ago. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07079-5
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣ Patricia Era Bath (1942-2019) 🇺🇸 Patricia Bath was the first African American to complete a residency in ophthalmology and to receive a medical patent. She invented the Laserphaco Probe for cataract treatment in 1986. https://www.blackhistorymonth.org.uk/article/section/science-and-medicine/patricia-era-bath-medical-revoloutionary/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣7⃣ Elena García Armada (1971- ) 🇪🇸 Spanish robotics engineer, she is the creator of the first exoskeleton for children with degenerative muscular diseases @MarsiBionics https://spainsnews.com/our-exoskeleton-generates-infinite-motivation-in-children-technology/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣8⃣ Valérie Masson-Delmotte @valmasdel (1971- ) 🇫🇷 A French climatologist who is a driving force behind the IPCC’s reports on global warming. https://news.cnrs.fr/articles/valerie-masson-delmotte-a-voice-for-the-climate
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣9⃣ Maria Jasin (1956- ) 🇺🇸 The ability to modify genomes relies upon a crucial discovery that was made by Maria Jasin in 1994. Pioneering work on homologous recombination & pioneering gene targeting using DNA double strand breaks. http://www.shawprize.org/en/shaw.php?tmp=3&twoid=108&threeid=291&fourid=585
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣0⃣ Ruby Violet Payne-Scott (1912-1981) 🇦🇺 An Australian pioneer in radio physics and radio astronomy, the first female radio astronomer. She was forced to resign after she got married...... https://csiropedia.csiro.au/payne-scott-ruby/
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣1⃣ Olanike Kudirat Adeyemo (1970- ) 🇳🇬 Professor and Head of the Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine at the University of Ibadan. She became the first woman to
ever occupy the position of Deputy Vice Chancellor. https://afaspress.com.ng/2019/07/30/emergence-of-a-new-killer-disease-is-a-threat-to-all-prof-olanike-k-adeyemo/
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣2⃣ Gitanjali Rao @gitanjaliarao (2005- ) 🇺🇸 International Day of Women and Girls in Science 2020 #IDWGS She was named America’s Top Young Scientist of 2017 with a device to detect lead in water faster than any other current techniques. https://www.3m.com/3M/en_US/particles/all-articles/article-detail/~/clean-water-lead-detection-young-scientist-challenge/?storyid=e8ea94e9-95b7-448a-bd74-79fbbb0a5960
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣3⃣ Ingrid del Carmen Montes González @ingridmontespr (1958- ) 🇵🇷 A professor of organic chemistry at the University of Puerto Rico, her research focus is on organometallic chemistry. She is also a member of the ACS Board of Directors. https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/careers/college-to-career/chemists/montes.html
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣4⃣ Ángela Ruiz Robles (1895-1975) 🇪🇸 A Spanish teacher, writer, and inventor that designed in the late 1940s an analog device called the Enciclopedia Mecánica, which can be considered a fore-runner of the modern electronic book. https://history-computer.com/Dreamers/Robles.html
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣5⃣ Edith Clarke (1883-1959) 🇺🇸 The first female electrical engineer & Professor of electrical engineering. She invented the 'Clarke Calculator', a graphical device that simplified the equations to understand power lines. https://womenyoushouldknow.net/10-things-you-should-know-about-edith-clarke-a-badass-pioneering-electrical-engineer/
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣6⃣ Audrey Dussutour @Docteur_Drey (1977- ) 🇫🇷 Ethologist and fantastic science communicator, Audrey studies animal behavior and collective intelligence in ant colonies and slime molds, the famous blob. http://www.peoplebehindthescience.com/dr-audrey-dussutour/
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣7⃣ Ellen Gleditsch (1879-1968) 🇳🇴 She stablished the half-life of radium and confirmed the existence of isotopes,. She made important contributions to science in the laboratory of Marie Curie-Skłodowska. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ellen-gleditsch
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣8⃣ Nicole-Reine Lepaute (1723-1788) 🇫🇷 French astronomer and mathematician. She predicted the return of Halley's Comet, calculated the timing of a solar eclipse and constructed a group of catalogs for the stars. http://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Lepaute.html
#366womeninSTEM 4⃣9⃣ Hertha Ayrton (1854-1923) 🇬🇧 British mathematician, engineer, physicist and inventor. Denied degree & Royal Society fellowship due to her sex. Won awards for work on electric arcs and ripples in sand & water. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/hertha-marks-ayrton-s-162nd-birthday-5-facts-about-the-british-mathematician-engineer-physicist-and-a7004556.html
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣0⃣ Emma Johnston @DrEmmaLJohnston (1973- ) 🇦🇺 Dean of Science & Professor of Marine Ecology and Ecotoxicology at UNSW Sydney, Emma investigates the ways in which human activities impact coastal ecosystems, from the tropics to the poles. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/hub/university-new-south-wales/p/building-stem-future
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣1⃣ Mildred Catherine Rebstock (1919-2011) 🇺🇸 American pharmaceutical chemist. She was the first to fully synthesize chloromycetin, a.k.a. chloramphenicol. This was the first instance (in 1949) of an antibiotic being fully synthesized. https://aac.asm.org/content/63/6/e00648-19
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣2⃣ Anne-Marie Lagrange (1962- ) 🇫🇷 French astrophysicist, Lagrange's work focuses on the research and study of extrasolar planetary systems. She discovered in 2008 Beta Pictoris b. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne-Marie_Lagrange
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣3⃣ Tania Louis @SciTania (1989- ) 🇫🇷 Virologist, she has worked on SAMHD1, a protein that deprives HIV of nucleotides, essential for viral DNA synthesis. Now a leading expert in science communication. https://tanialouis.fr/ 
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣4⃣ Elisabeth Bik @MicrobiomDigest (1966- ) 🇳🇱 Microbiologist, she studied a strain of cholera that ravaged India and Bangladesh in the early 1990s. A real science hero for her community work to expose image manipulation. https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/eye-for-manipulation--a-profile-of-elisabeth-bik-65839
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣5⃣ Stephanie Louise Kwolek (1923-2014) 🇺🇸 American chemist who invented poly-paraphenylene terephthalamide—better known as Kevlar at the DuPont company. https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/women-scientists/stephanie-kwolek.html
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣6⃣ Rajaâ Cherkaoui El Moursli (1954- ) 🇲🇦 Moroccan Professor of nuclear physics, her work has focused on the simulation and construction of the electromagnetic calorimeter in ATLAS. https://home.cern/news/news/experiments/atlas-physicist-wins-loreal-unesco-women-science-award
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣7⃣ Germaine Benoit (1901-1983) 🇫🇷 French chemist who successfully synthesized several
classes of drugs including some active against malaria and tuberculosis. She was one of the few women of her time to run a large laboratory at the Paris Pasteur Institute.
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣8⃣ Karolin Luger (1963- ) @LugerLab 🇦🇹🇺🇸 Austrian-American biochemist extraordinaire internationally recognized for her work on chromatin structure. In 1997, she solved the 3D structure of the nucleosome, an incredible tour de force. https://www.biophysics.org/profiles/karolin-luger
#366womeninSTEM 5⃣9⃣ Eugénie Clark (1922-2015) 🇺🇸 American marine biologist, reknown for her research on poisonous fishes of the tropical seas and on the behaviour of sharks. She was also an avid marine conservationist. https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/news/may15/eugenie-clark.html
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣0⃣ Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867-1934) 🇵🇱🇫🇷 A legend. The first woman to win a Nobel prize, the only woman to win it twice, the first to become a professor at the University of Paris. https://massivesci.com/articles/marie-curie-science-hero-chemistry-nobel/
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣1⃣ Elizabeth Brown (1830-1899) 🇬🇧 British astronomer who specialized in solar observation, especially sunspots and solar eclipses. She was instrumental in founding the British Astronomical Association @BritAstro in 1890. https://www.schoolsobservatory.org/learn/careers/astronomy/astrowomen/brown
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣2⃣ Elisabeth Karamichailova (1897-1968) 🇧🇬 Born in Vienna from Bulgarian father and English mother. She was the founder of experimental nuclear physics research in Bulgaria & the first woman to hold a professorial title in the country. http://upb.phys.uni-sofia.bg/old/Karam.html 
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣3⃣ Margaret S. Collins (1922–1996) 🇺🇸 The first African American woman entomologist in the US & an advocate for civil rights. She is best known as a world authority on the termite diversity in the Caribbean Islands & Guyana. https://bioone.org/journals/florida-entomologist/volume-99/issue-2/024.099.0235/Child-Prodigy-Pioneer-Scientist-and-Women-and-Civil-Rights-Advocate/10.1653/024.099.0235.full#/doi/full/10.1653/024.099.0235
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣4⃣ Marguerite Perey (1909 -1975) 🇫🇷 French physicist. In 1939, she discovered the element francium by purifying samples of lanthanum that contained actinium. She was the first woman to be elected to the French Académie des Sciences. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/07/magazine/my-great-great-aunt-discovered-francium-and-it-killed-her.html
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣5⃣ Marita Cheng @maritacheng (1989- ) 🇦🇺 Founder & current CEO of Aubot, a start-up robotics company and founder of Robogals, an organisation that aims to inspire, engage and empower young women to consider studying engineering. https://www.australiaunlimited.com/technology/maritacheng
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣6⃣ Dorothy June Sutor (1929-1990) 🇳🇿 New Zealand crystallographer who spent most of her research career in UK. She was the 1st to establish the existence of C–H⋯O hydrogen bonds in crystals. Her work was wrongly criticized by J. Donohue https://www.chemistryworld.com/features/the-forgotten-female-crystallographer-who-discovered-cho-bonds/3010324.article
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣7⃣ Rose Dieng Kuntz (1956-2008) 🇸🇳 Computer scientist specialized in artificial intelligence. She worked on knowledge management & the semantic web at INRIA. First african woman to be admitted to Polytechnique. https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20080717161931579
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣8⃣Nicole Le Douarin (1930- ) 🇫🇷 Embryologist, she has provided a major understanding of the formation of the neural crest by creating chicken-quail chimeras. CNRS Gold Medal in 1986. https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Embryology_History_-_Nicole_Le_Douarin
#366womeninSTEM 6⃣9⃣ Olga Ladyzhenskaya (1922-2004) 🇷🇺 Russian mathematician who worked on partial differential equations, fluid dynamics, and the finite difference method for the Navier–Stokes equations. She received the Lomonosov Gold Medal in 2002. https://www.google.com/doodles/olga-ladyzhenskayas-97th-birthday
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣0⃣ Suzanne Eaton (1959-2019) 🇺🇸 A Pioneer in combining cell and developmental biology, her work on Drosophila tissue morphogenesis led her to bridge the field of morphogenesis with that of metabolism. Tragically died in July 2019. https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(19)30961-4
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣1⃣ Jean Marian Purdy (1945-1985) 🇬🇧 Jean Purdy was almost forgotten as one of the British trio (with Robert Edwards & Patrick Steptoe) that introduced clinical IVF to the world. Her significant contribution has been finally recognised https://www.latimes.com/opinion/editorials/la-ed-jean-purdy-women-overlooked-20190613-story.html
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣2⃣ María Blasco Marhuenda (1965- ) 🇪🇸 Maria A. Blasco has made key contributions to demonstrate the importance of telomerase in disease and longevity when she was working with Carol Greider. Director of the CNIO since 2011. https://www.mujeresnotables.com/en/2020/03/04/biography-maria-blasco-spanish-scientist/
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣3⃣ Laura Eme @eme_laura (1984- ) 🇫🇷 Evolutionary microbiologist using phylogenetics & comparative metagenomics to address questions about the origin & evolution of the eukaryotes. Played a key role in the discovery of Asgard superphylum http://www.ettemalab.org/ 
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣4⃣ Shafi Goldwasser (1958- ) 🇮🇱 🇺🇸 Her research areas include computational complexity theory, cryptography & computational number theory. Director of the Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing. Winner of the Turing Award in 2012 http://news.mit.edu/2013/goldwasser-and-micali-win-turing-award-0313
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣5⃣ Jewel Plummer Cobb (1924-2017) 🇺🇸 Her research advanced our understanding of the skin cells and how those cells become cancerous. She discovered that methotrexate was an effective treatment. An advocate for equal access to education. https://www.jax.org/news-and-insights/jax-blog/2018/may/women-in-science-jewel-plummer-cobb
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣6⃣ Louise Eisenhardt (1891-1967) 🇺🇸 1 of the first neuropathologists considered leading world expert on tumor diagnosis. She worked closely with Harvey Cushing to set up a brain tumor registry of over 2000 specimens. https://www.neurosurgeryblog.org/2015/06/05/aans-meeting-spotlight-louise-eisenhardt-lecture-dr-sally-satel/
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣7⃣ Jackie Yi-Ru Ying (1966- ) 🇸🇬🇺🇸 Executive director of the Institute of Bioengineering & vNanotechnology, her research is interdisciplinary, with advanced nanostructured materials for catalytic, ceramic and biomaterial applications. https://www.swhf.sg/profiles/jackie-yi-ru-ying/
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣8⃣ Alexandra Gros @alexandra_gros (1987- ) 🇫🇷 Her brilliant research focuses on the role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis in the memory and learning processes. Fight tirelessly fake science info on social media. https://news.cnrs.fr/authors/alexandra-gros
#366womeninSTEM 7⃣9⃣ Ida Smedley-MacLean (1877-1944) 🇬🇧 She had contributed to the advancement of other women scientists, whilst carving out a significant career of her own through her studies of fat metabolism. 1st woman to become chair of @BiochemSoc http://www.rsc.org/diversity/175-faces/all-faces/dr-ida-smedley/
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣0⃣ Narry Kim (1969- ) 🇰🇷 Kim is one of South Korea’s most prominent researchers. She and her team have made tremendous contributions of how miRNAs (small noncoding RNAs) form and what they do. https://narrykim.org/en/ 
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣1⃣ June Dalziel Almeida (1930-2007) 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scottish virologist who, with little formal education, became a pioneer in virus imaging, identification and diagnosis. She characterised in 1966 a new type of viruses now called coronaviruses. https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/18289806.june-almeida-tribute-scotlands-forgotten-hero-coronavirus/
#366womeninSTEM Almeida & Tyrrell 1967 - The morphology of three previously uncharacterized human respiratory viruses that grow in organ culture https://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-1-2-175
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣2⃣ Mary Hunt (1910-1991) 🇺🇸 She had been collecting moldy food, then isolating the mold in the lab. The winner ended up being a Texas cantaloupe which yielded 200 times the amount of penicillin as the species that Fleming had discovered. https://www.peoriamagazines.com/pm/2019/dec/moldy-mary-or-simple-messenger-girl
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣3⃣ Céline Bon @CelineBon (1983- ) 🇫🇷 Specialist in paleogenetics, Céline studies the interactions between culture and genetic diversity and the role of population movements in cultural transitions. https://www.ecoanthropologie.fr/fr/anthropologie-genetique-agene-6043
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣4⃣ Patricia DeLeon (1944- ) 🇯🇲 Professor Patricia DeLeon is a reproductive geneticist who is widely recognised for her contributions to andrology. She investigates how sperm lose their motility, a key factor in male infertility. https://www.thehistorymakers.org/biography/patricia-deleon
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣5⃣ Sunetra Gupta @SunetraGupta (1965- ) 🇮🇳 Professor of theoretical epidemiology with an interest in malaria, HIV, influenza and bacterial meningitis. She is also a novelist and a translator of the poetry of Rabindranath Tagore. http://www.sunetragupta.com/biography.asp 
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣6⃣ Ruth Sonntag Nussenzweig (1928–2018) 🇦🇹 🇧🇷 Austrian-Brazilian immunologist who paved the way to a malaria vaccine by demonstrating that mice could be protected from malaria by immunizing them with attenuated sporozoites. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05102-3
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣7⃣ Emma Hodcroft @firefoxx66 (1986- ) 🇬🇧 🇺🇸 Phylogenetics and molecular epidemiology expert, Emma Hodcroft traces with Richard Neher in real time the routes taken by #SARSCoV2 as it spread with the open-source project @nextstrain https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/coronaviruss-genetics-hint-at-its-cryptic-spread-in-communities-67233
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣8⃣ Frances Oldham Kelsey (1914-2015) 🇨🇦 Physician, pharmacologist & leading compliance officer with the FDA. She refused to authorize thalidomide for the US market because she had concerns about the drug's safety. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/woman-who-stood-between-america-and-epidemic-birth-defects-180963165/
#366womeninSTEM 8⃣9⃣ Charlotte Truchet @chtruchet (1974- ) 🇫🇷 Computer Scientist with a strong background in constraint programming, artificial intelligence and combinatorial optimization. https://www.normalesup.org/~truchet/ 
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣0⃣ Yvonne Barr (1932-2016) 🇮🇪 She discovered the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) together with Michael Anthony Epstein during her PhD studies in 1964, whilst at Middlesex Hospital in England. https://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2014/03/26/50-years-of-epstein-barr-virus/
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣1⃣ Augusta Déjerine-Klumpke (1859-1927) 🇺🇸🇫🇷 French neurologist of American origin, first woman to intern in a Parisian hospital. She was a pioneer of rehabilitation therapy after spinal cord injuries during WWI. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ca.20474
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣2⃣ Akiko Iwasaki @VirusesImmunity (1970- ) 🇯🇵 Akiko Iwasaki has made significant contributions toward understanding innate & adaptive immunity in particular by identifying the important role of autophagy in innate recognition of viruses. https://medicine.yale.edu/lab/iwasaki/ 
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣3⃣ Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) 🇩🇪 German astronomer. The first woman to be honored with the golden medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1828). She discovered several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet https://www.bibalex.org/SCIplanet/en/Article/Details?id=12460
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣4⃣ Mary Kenneth Keller (1913-1985) 🇺🇸 Sister Mary Kenneth Keller had masters degrees in Physics & Math, the first woman in the US to earn a PhD in Computer Science. She helped develop the computer language know as BASIC. https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/53178/first-woman-earn-phd-computer-science-was-nun
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣5⃣ Marthe Gautier (1925- ) 🇫🇷 Marthe Gautier is a French medical doctor, best known for her role in discovering the cause of Down’s syndrome, trisomy 21. Her contribution has always been minimized by Jérôme Lejeune, co-discoverer.
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣6⃣ Wanda Díaz Merced (1982-) 🇵🇷 Wanda Díaz Merced is a Puerto-Rican astronomer best known for using sonification to turn large data sets of astronomical spectra into audible sound. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03938-x
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣7⃣ Ngalula Sandrine Mubenga (1980- ) @NgalulaPe 🇨🇩 Professor of electrical engineering specialized in renewable energy. She is the founder of @stemdrc that aims to encourage STEM in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. https://sminpowergroup.com/energy-fair-interview-clean-transportation/
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣8⃣ Eleanor Margaret Burbidge (1919-2020) 🇬🇧 🇺🇸 She had a stellar career in multiple fields of astrophysics. 1 of her most significant achievements was formulating our understanding of nucleosynthesis in stars. She has just passed away. https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-news/happy-birthday-margaret-burbidge/
#366womeninSTEM 9⃣9⃣ Simona Mura (1980- ) @MuraSimona 🇮🇹🇫🇷 Pharmacochemist at the Galien Institute @umr8612, specialist in nanotechnology for the administration, transport and vectorization of drugs. Accomplished marathon runner. …http://www.umr-cnrs8612.universite-paris-saclay.fr/presentation_pers.php?nom=mura
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣0⃣ Isabelle Imbert (1976- ) 🇫🇷 French virologist and assistant professor at Polytech'Marseille. Combining multidisciplinary approaches, Isabelle Imbert and her team aim to dissect the SARS-CoV replication machineries. https://hpi.afmb.univ-mrs.fr/research/isabelle-imbert/#isabelle-imbert
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣1⃣ Christine Carrington @CVFCarrington (1967- ) 🇹🇹 Molecular virologist, expert in virus evolution and emerging infections. Her current work focuses on dengue and other mosquito-borne viruses, and more recently coronaviruses in bats. http://icons.niherst.gov.tt/icon/christine-carrington-cw/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣2⃣ Tebello Nyokong (1951- ) 🇱🇸 🇿🇦 Tebello Nyokong is one of the most distinguished scientists in Africa. Chemist at @Rhodes_Uni researching photodynamic therapy to treat cancer https://globalshakers.com/tebello-nyokong-the-laser-wielding-cancer-fighter/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣3⃣ Vivian Wing-Wah Yam (1963- ) 🇭🇰 Yam’s major interests are in the areas of inorganic/organometallic chemistry, photochemistry and solar energy. She created new classes of metal-containing chromophores and luminophores. https://www.cifar.ca/bio/vivian-wing-wah-yam
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣4⃣ Geneviève Almouzni @GAlmouzni (1960- ) 🇫🇷 Internationally recognized for her outstanding contributions to research in the area of histones and chromatin and her engagement in promoting epigenetics in Europe. https://www.embo.org/news/press-releases/2013/genevieve-almouzni-to-receive-the-2013-febs-embo-women-in-science-award
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣5⃣ Nettie Maria Stevens (1861-1912) 🇺🇸 By working on mealworms, she was able to deduce that the males produced sperm with X and Y chromosomes and that females produced reproductive cells with only X chromosomes. https://www.vox.com/2016/7/7/12105830/nettie-stevens-genetics-gender-sex-chromosomes
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣6⃣ Asel Sartbaeva @AselSartbaeva (1977- ) 🇰🇬 Asel and her team have developed a method called ‘ensilication’ which involves encasing vaccines in silica to protect the vaccine components, and eliminate the need for refrigeration. http://www.rsc.org/diversity/175-faces/all-faces/dr-asel-sartbaeva-mrsc/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣7⃣ Hedy Lamarr (1914-2000) 🇦🇹 🇺🇸 Hollywood star but more importantly a brilliant inventor. Co-inventor of frequency-hopping technology, which became the foundation of Wi-Fi, now used by billions of people everywhere. https://blog.scienceandmediamuseum.org.uk/hedy-lamarr-forgotten-women-stem/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣8⃣ Deborah Shiu-lan Jin (1968-2016) 🇺🇸 American physicist, pioneer of ultracold quantum physics, tragically dies of cancer in 2016, at age 47 https://www.nature.com/articles/538318a
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣0⃣9⃣ Françoise Barré-Sinoussi (1947- ) 🇫🇷 Françoise Barré-Sinoussi dedicated her career as a scientist and as an activist to halting the spread of AIDS. Nobel prize in 2008 for the discovery of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) https://www.nobelprize.org/womenwhochangedscience/stories/francoise-barre-sinoussi
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣0⃣ Hilde Mangold (1898-1924) 🇩🇪 German embryologist worldly known with Han Spemann for the discovery of the embryonic organizer. Died tragically at the age of 26 when gasoline heater exploded in her kitchen https://www.jax.org/news-and-insights/jax-blog/2016/october/women-in-science-hilde-mangold
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣1⃣ Wendy Elizabeth Mackay (1956- ) 🇨🇦 Canadian researcher specializing in human-computer interaction. Research Director at @Inria, her research reenvisions interaction & shifts the perspective on the role of AI in interactive systems. https://hcipioneers.wordpress.com/portfolio/mackay-wendy/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣2⃣ Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923-2013) 🇦🇹 🇬🇧 One of the leading figures of modern immunology, se helped to establish many of the basic mechanisms and components behind the immune response to infection. https://www.nature.com/articles/494037a
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣3⃣ Louise de Kiriline Lawrence (1894 - 1992) 🇨🇦 Canadian of Swedish origin, red cross nurse during WWI. After retiring in 1935 as a nurse - she quickly became internationally known as a writer and ornithologist. http://bioblitzcanada.ca/conservationheroes_KirilineLawrence.aspx
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣4⃣ Marnie Blewitt @BlewittMarnie (1978- ) 🇦🇺 Outstanding australian epigeneticist, Professor at @WEHI_research, that seeks to reveal how our genes are turned off and on. https://www.wehi.edu.au/people/marnie-blewitt
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣5⃣ Farida Nana Efua Bedwei @fbedwei (1979- ) 🇬🇭 Ghanaian software engineer, developer of a cloud software platform that is being used by 130 micro-finance companies in Africa. https://www.beyondcurie.com/new-project-86 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣6⃣ Carolyn Bertozzi @CarolynBertozzi (1966- ) 🇺🇸 Chemist extraordinaire that has spent most of her career illuminating the importance of the sugar structures coating our cells. She founded the field of bioorthogonal chemistry. https://hannahbridgingthegap.wordpress.com/2015/09/12/women-in-science-dr-carolyn-bertozzi/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣7⃣ Martha Cowles Chase (1927-2003) 🇺🇸 American geneticist who in 1952, with Alfred Hershey, experimentally (the famous blender experiment) helped to confirm that DNA rather than protein is the genetic material of life. https://geneticsunzipped.com/news/2019/3/28/kitchen-aid-martha-chase
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣8⃣ Yvette Cauchois (1908-1999) 🇫🇷 French chemical physicist who profoundly influenced the development of x-ray spectroscopy and x-ray optics. Second woman, after Marie Curie, to be president of the French Society of Physical Chemistry. https://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.1372125
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣1⃣9⃣ Birutė Marija Filomena Galdikas @DrBirute (1946- ) 🇱🇹🇨🇦 Lithuanian-Canadian anthropologist and primatologist, recognized as a leading authority on orangutans. https://orangutan.org/about/dr-birute-mary-galdikas/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣0⃣ Tsuneko Okazaki (1933- ) 🇯🇵 Japanese scientist who, along with her husband, discovered Okazaki fragments, unravelling the mystery of DNA replication. http://www.aip.nagoya-u.ac.jp/en/public/nu_research/features/detail/0003970.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣1⃣ Jennifer Doudna @doudna_lab (1964- ) 🇺🇸 American biochemist inseparably linked with Emmanuelle Charpentier (see portrait 1⃣3⃣) for the discovery of the gene-editing tool #CRISPR-Cas9 https://www.nybooks.com/daily/2019/01/24/the-joy-of-the-discovery-an-interview-with-jennifer-doudna/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣2⃣ Kiara Nirghin @KNirghin (2000- ) 🇮🇳 🇿🇦 Winner of 2016 Google Science Fair for creating a super absorbent polymer, potentially revolutionizing water conservation and sustaining crops through periods of drought. https://www.kiaranirghin.com/ 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣3⃣ Vidita Vaidya @ViditaVaidya (1970- ) 🇮🇳 Professor at the Neurobiology lab at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research looking into how neural circuits respond to drugs used to treat depression and anxiety. https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/women-in-stem-story-of-vidita-vaidya/xgGuhG7FhtZ0LQ
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣4⃣ Merieme Chadid @meriemechadid (1969- ) 🇲🇦 🇫🇷 Explorer and Astronomer. She is well known for installing a large astronomical observatory in Antarctica and was the first to place an Arab flag at the South Pole. https://www.weforum.org/people/merieme-chadid
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣5⃣ Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat (1923- ) 🇫🇷 She applied fundamental mathematical results to provide a firm basis for the solutions of the classical field equations of physics, most importantly those of general relativity https://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/bruhat.htm
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣6⃣ Branca Edmée Marques (1899-1986) 🇵🇹 Recognised as the first female Portuguese chemist at the age of ..... 65. She worked in nuclear physics with Marie Curie. Back in Portugal, she founded and directed the Radiochemistry Laboratory. https://geekfeminismdotorg.wordpress.com/2011/09/14/wednesday-geek-woman-branca-edmee-marques/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣7⃣ Julia Etulain @JuliaEtu (1984- ) 🇦🇷 L'Oréal-UNESCO International Rising Talent in 2017, Julia Etulain worked on tissue regeneration using platelet-rich plasma and hoped to introduce this technology into public hospitals in Argentina https://www.thebubble.com/argentina-scientist-dr-julia-etulain-wins-2017-women-in-science-award
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣8⃣ Claire Mathieu @clairemmathieu (1965- ) 🇫🇷 French computer scientist and mathematician, known for her research on approximation algorithms, online algorithms, and auction theory. https://www.di.ens.fr/ClaireMathieu.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣2⃣9⃣ Marilyn Kozak (1943- ) 🇺🇸 Everyone working on eukaryotic translation initiation knows about Kozak sequence. In the 1980s she characterizes the optimal translation initiation sequence consensus https://prabook.com/web/marilyn.kozak/69958
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣0⃣ Fanny Hesse (1850-1934) 🇺🇸🇩🇪 Fanny Hesse worked with her husband (Walther Hesse) in Robert Koch's laboratory. Fanny & Walther Hesse were instrumental in introducing agar to grow, isolate and cultivate microorganisms. https://www.popsci.com/blog-network/ladybits/forgotten-woman-who-made-microbiology-possible/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣1⃣ Daisy Roulland-Dussoix (1936-2014) 🇨🇭 Swiss microbial geneticist that worked with W. Arber & co-discovered restriction enzymes (---> https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022283662800588). She did not share the 1978 Nobel prize awarded to Arber, Nathans & Smith. https://thebumblingbiochemist.com/wisewednesday/2017-1-6-daisy-roulland-dussoix-1/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣2⃣ Frances Beatrice Bradfield (1895-1967) 🇬🇧 Aeronautical engineering who joined the Royal Aircraft in 1918 (with Muriel Barker) where she headed the wind tunnels section. 1st woman to receive the 🥉 of the Royal Aeronautical Society https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Bradfield
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣3⃣ Cornelia Catharina de Lange (1871-1950) 🇳🇱 The fourth woman in the Netherlands to write a medical thesis. In 1933, she described a syndrome of slow growth, developmental delay & limb abnormalities - the Cornelia de Lange syndrome https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornelia_Catharina_de_Lange
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣4⃣ Camille Wardrop Alleyne @camillelisa (1966- ) 🇹🇹🇺🇸 Rocket scientist at NASA, she has played a lead role in the design and development of space vehicles, among them the state-of-the-art Orion crew exploration vehicle. https://sarkelblog.wordpress.com/aeronautical-science/camille-wardrop-alleyne/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣5⃣ Clara Immerwahr (1870-1915) 🇩🇪 Talented chemist with a tragic destiny (she killed herself). Wife of Fritz Haber, she vehemently opposed his work on chlorine gas during WWI. https://joyexcel.com/2019/03/17/clara-immerwahr-a-tragic-heroine-of-science/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣6⃣ Sophie Morel (1979- ) 🇫🇷 French number theorist, she became Harvard Mathematics Department's first female professor in 2009. Now Professor of Mathematics at Princeton University. https://www.europeanwomeninmaths.org/sophie-morel/ 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣7⃣ Eva Nogales @NogalesLab (1965- ) 🇪🇸 Biochemist extraordinaire, a pioneer in using electron microscopy #CryoEM for the study of microtubule and the eukaryotic transcription initiation complexes - Happy birthday Eva 🎂 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5003224/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣8⃣ Adelaida Chaverri Polini (1947-2003) 🇨🇷 Naturalist known for her study of tropical montane forests and treeless alpine grasslands. In the 1970s she helped establish the Costa Rican Nature Conservation Association. https://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-77442004000100001
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣3⃣9⃣ Mireille Dosso (1952- ) 🇨🇮 Professor of Microbiology and Director of the Pasteur Institut in Côte d’Ivoire. Her research work is on epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases and micro-organisms resistance to antibiotics. https://www.pasteur.fr/en/institut-pasteur/institut-pasteur-throughout-world/news/we-have-achieved-some-our-dreams-advance-science-africa
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣0⃣ Jeanne Villepreux-Power (1794-1871) 🇫🇷 Pioneering French marine biologist inventor of the aquarium. She solved the mystery of the argonaut's shell, showing that it's an egg-sack produced by the animal itself. https://www.sciencefriday.com/articles/the-seamstress-and-the-secrets-of-the-argonaut-shell/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣1⃣ Dame Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943- ) 🇬🇧 World-renowned astrophysicist who discovered the first radio pulsar in 1967. She was overlooked for the Physics Nobel Prize in 1974 in favour of her male supervisor Antony Hewish. https://www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/science-and-technology/2018/09/meet-woman-who-found-most-useful-stars-universe
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣2⃣ Bibha Chowdhuri (1913-1991) 🇮🇳 Despite being a pioneer in the study of cosmic rays, Bibha Chowdhuri remains practically unknown. Her work on detection of cosmic-ray particles using photographic plates has been forgotten. Not anymore https://www.telegraphindia.com/science/the-woman-who-could-have-won-a-nobel/cid/1676488
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣3⃣ Anne McLaren (1927-2007) 🇬🇧 English geneticist who pioneered fundamental advances in embryology that contributed to a greater understanding of reproductive biology and paved the way for advances in in vitro fertilization (IVF). https://www.runnethlondon.com/2016/08/22/inspiring-woman-dame-anne-mclaren/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣4⃣ Kyoko Nozaki (1964- ) 🇯🇵 Japanese organic chemist well known for her outstanding contributions to methods of homogeneous catalysis in synthetic chemistry and her research in polymer chemistry https://www.thevalleefoundation.org/programs/kdl/kyoko-nozaki-phd
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣5⃣ Shi Zhengli (1964- ) 🇨🇳 A renowned researcher of bat coronaviruses who tracked SARS origin, director of the center for emerging infectious diseases at the Wuhan Institute of Virology https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-chinas-bat-woman-hunted-down-viruses-from-sars-to-the-new-coronavirus1/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣6⃣ Nancy Wexler (1945- ) 🇺🇸 An inspirational woman best known for her involvement in the discovery of the gene that causes Huntington's disease, venturing to remote parts of Venezuela to study families with high rates of the disease https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/10/health/huntingtons-disease-wexler.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣7⃣ Karen Hallberg @KAHallberg (1964- ) 🇦🇷 Karen Hallberg is an expert in quantum condensed matter physics. Her innovative and creative techniques represent a major contribution to understanding nanoscopic systems and new materials. http://njtoday.net/2019/03/12/karen-hallberg-understanding-the-physics-of-quantum-matter/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣8⃣ Trachette Levon Jackson @TrachetteJ (1972- ) 🇺🇸 Cancer modeling mathematician. Her lab is interested in molecular pathways associated with intratumoral angiogenesis, tumor heterogeneity and cancer stem cells. https://sites.lsa.umich.edu/tjacks/about-me/
# 366womeninSTEM 1⃣4⃣9⃣ Bianca Tchoubar (1910-1990) 🇺🇦🇫🇷 Born in Ukraine, Bianca Tchoubar has spent her entire career in France. She was a pioneer in reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry & and a fearless resistant during WWII https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22351975/ 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣0⃣ Ann Tsukamoto (1952- ) 🇺🇸 In the early 1990s, Ann Tsukamoto and her colleagues discovered human blood stem cells and invented a process to isolate them in the body. https://onthedotwoman.com/woman/ann-tsukamoto
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣1⃣ Pattie Maes @PattieMaes (1961- ) 🇧🇪 Professor at MIT and AI-expert, Pattie Maes is a pioneering authority on Human-Computer Interaction. She is particularly interested in the topic of cognitive enhancement. https://sternspeakers.com/speakers/pattie-maes/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣2⃣ Hayat Sindi @hayatsindi (1967- ) 🇸🇦 The first female from the Gulf to earn a PhD in biotechnology and a co-founder of Diagnostics For All, which offers cost-effective point-of-care diagnostic devices. https://blog.savvas.com/womens-history-month-dr-hayat-sindi/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣3⃣ Ida Pavlichenko (1987- ) 🇦🇿 Azerbaijani biomedical engineer at Harvard’s Wyss Institute and Co-founder of PionEar Technologies, a medical device company that develops technologies for treating ear and hearing disorders. https://www.technologyreview.com/innovator/ida-pavlichenko/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣4⃣ Hélène Courtois (1970- ) 🇫🇷 French astrophysicist specializing in cosmography. She was part of a research team that discovered the supercluster of galaxies, which is known as Laniakea https://www.space.com/hunt-for-supercluster-helene-courtois.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣5⃣ Arda Alden Green (1899-1958) 🇺🇸 American biochemist who made key contributions including isolating the neurotransmitter serotonin and the firefly luciferase https://thebumblingbiochemist.com/wisewednesday/arda-green/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣6⃣ Gwynne Shotwell (1963- )🇺🇸 Mechanical Engineer who worked with the Aerospace Corporation in military space research and spacecraft design. Now President & Chief Operating Officer of @SpaceX https://thestute.com/2016/04/15/women-in-tech-spotlight-gwynne-shotwell/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣7⃣ Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska (1925-2015) 🇵🇱 Pioneer Paleomammalogist, Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska was the first woman to lead large-scale paleontological expeditions, which brought back important collections of dinosaurs and other fossils. https://trowelblazers.com/zofia-kielan-jaworowska/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣8⃣ Nicole Dubilier @Chemosym (1957- ) 🇺🇸🇩🇪 Marine microbiologist, director at the Max Planck Institute for Marine Biology. A pioneer in ecological and evolutionary symbiotic relationships between deep-sea worm and bacteria https://www.mpg.de/769811/Nicole_Dubilier
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣5⃣9⃣ Inge Lehmann (1888-1993) 🇩🇰 Danish seismologist Inge Lehmann is best known for presenting the first evidence of the Earth’s inner core in 1936. Within a few years, her three-layered Earth model was generally accepted. https://sciencenordic.com/denmark-geology-greenland-science-special/the-female-scientist-who-discovered-the-core-of-the-earth/1445562
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣0⃣ Amanda Susan Barnard (1971-) 🇦🇺 The first woman to win the Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology. She currently leads research at the interface of computational modeling, high performance supercomputing & applied machine learning and AI. https://www.rmit.edu.au/news/all-news/2020/may/hon-doc-amanda-barnard
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣1⃣ Dale Brown Emeagwali (1954- ) 🇺🇸 Microbiologist and cancer researcher, she discovered the existence of isozymes of kynurenine formamidase in Streptomyces parvulus which were previously thought to exist only in higher organisms. https://www.excelsior.edu/article/qa-with-dale-emeagwali-faculty-program-director-biology-and-natural-science/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣2⃣ Patience Mthunzi-Kufa (1976- ) 🇿🇦 Head of the Council for Scientific & Industrial Research's ( @CSIR) Biophotonics, she is using laser tweezers to improve delivery of anti-HIV medicines https://globalyoungacademy.net/patience/ 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣3⃣ Claudia Joan Alexander (1959 -2015) 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 Planetary scientist & geophysicist, she was the last Project Manager of the NASA Galileo mission to Jupiter and Project Scientist / Project Manager of the U.S. portion of the Rosetta project. https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/1140/claudia-alexander-1959-2015
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣4⃣ Jane Hinton (1919-2003) 🇺🇸 One of the first African-American women to gain the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. She co-developped a microbiological growth medium (Mueller-Hinton agar) that used for antibiotic susceptibility. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/jane-hinton-1919-2003/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣5⃣ Segenet Kelemu (1957- ) 🇪🇹 Ethiopian scientist, first woman to become Director General of the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE). Recipient of the 2014 L’Oréal-UNESCO Laureate for Women in Science Awards. https://time.com/5087356/this-ethiopian-scientist-is-saving-lives-by-studying-insects/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣6⃣ Bertha Parker Pallan Cody (1907–1978) 🇺🇸 Considered as the first female Native American archaeologist. She made a major contribution to discovering and recording the history and culture of Native Americans in the United States. http://www.theheroinecollective.com/bertha-cody/ 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣7⃣ Sébastienne Guyot (1896-1941) 🇫🇷 French engineer who specialized in aerodynamic flying. One of 1st women to graduate from École Centrale. WWII resistance heroine, arrested in 1940, she died in 1941 as a result of her imprisonment. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A9bastienne_Guyot
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣8⃣ Johanna Döbereiner (1924-2000) 🇨🇿🇧🇷 Agronomist, she played an important role in Brazil's soybean production working on biological nitrogen fixation. http://www.casinapioiv.va/content/accademia/en/academicians/deceased/dobereiner.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣6⃣9⃣ Brenda Milner (1918- ) 🇨🇦 She pioneered the field of neuropsychology and discovered that the part of the brain called the medial temporal lobe (which includes the hippocampus) is critical for the forming of long-term memories. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/brenda-milner
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣0⃣ Frauke Melchior (1962- ) 🇩🇪 Frauke Melchior has been instrumental in shaping and leading research on post-translational modification of proteins with the discovery of SUMO, an ubiquitin-like modification https://www.uni-heidelberg.de/excellenceinitiative/institutionalstrategy/alliance_melchior.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣1⃣ Tomoko Ohta (1933- ) 🇯🇵 Pioneer in molecular evolution. Her nearly neutral theory emphasizes the importance of interaction of drift and weak selection, and hence the role of slightly deleterious mutations in molecular evolution. http://www.schrodingerskitten.co.uk/articles/lovelace-tomoko-ohta.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣2⃣ Sameera Moussa (1917-1952) 🇪🇬 The first female Egyptian nuclear scientist & the first to hold a university post at Cairo University. She dedicated her life to make medical nuclear power affordable to all. Died in 1952 in a car crash https://see.news/iwd-remembering-samira-moussa-atomic-mind-for-egyptian-female/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣3⃣ Anne-Virginie Salsac (1977- ) 🇫🇷 A French specialist in fluid bio-mechanics applied to the domain of blood vessels in particular and to biomedical engineering in general. https://interactions.utc.fr/en/thematiques/prizes-and-competitions/theres-gold-at-utc.html
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣4⃣ Nancy Grace Roman (1925-2018) 🇺🇸 Nancy Roman was NASA’s first chief of astronomy and one of the first women executives for the agency overseeing the beginning of the Hubble Space Telescope project. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/12/nancy-grace-roman-mother-hubble-space-telescope-nasa-chief-astronomy-dies/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣5⃣ Melba Roy Mouton (1929-1990) 🇺🇸 Mathematician who served as Assistant Chief at NASA's Trajectory and Geodynamics Division. She headed a group of mathematicians, known as “computers,” who tracked early Echo satellites in Earth orbit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melba_Roy_Mouton
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣6⃣ Irina Petrovna Beletskaya (1933- ) 🇷🇺 Professor of chemistry at Moscow State University. She specialises in organometallic chemistry and its application to problems in organic chemistry. …https://chemistry-europe.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/chem.201505051
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣7⃣ Angela Hartley Brodie (1934-2017) 🇬🇧 British biochemist who pioneered development of selective aromatase inhibitors (a drug that blocks the synthesis of oestrogen) for breast-cancer treatment. https://www.nature.com/articles/548032a
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣8⃣ Eliane Montel (1898-1993) 🇫🇷 French physicist and chemist, she worked as voluntary help in the Curie laboratory at the Institut du radium, under Langevin's recommendations. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliane_Montel
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣7⃣9⃣ Lillian Mary Pickford (1902-2002) 🇬🇧 Mary Pickford was an experimental physiologist who carried out pioneering work on the actions of oxytocin and vasopressin. She enjoyed being confused with the famous actress of the same name. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbm.2019.0008
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣0⃣ Firdausi Qadri (1951- ) 🇧🇩 Dr Firdausi’s research aims to understand & prevent infectious diseases affecting children in developing countries, & promote early diagnosis and vaccination. 2020 L’Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science award https://en.unesco.org/news/dr-firdausi-qadri-fighting-disease-linked-humanitarian-crises-and-climate-change
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣1⃣ Hélène Morlon @HMorlon (1978- ) 🇫🇷 Research director at the Institute of Biology of the Ecole Normale Supérieure. She combines mathematics, bioinformatics and fieldwork to study macroevolution and macroecology. http://www.phyloeco.biologie.ens.fr/index.html 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣2⃣ Kate Quinlan @KateGQuinlan (1978- ) 🇬🇧 🇦🇺 Expert in gene regulation and fantastic PhD Mentor, Kate Quinlan focuses on understanding the communication between immune cells and fat cells to uncover new therapeutic targets for obesity. https://www.babs.unsw.edu.au/kate-quinlan 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣3⃣ Cleone de Heveningham Benest (1880-1963) 🇬🇧 A pioneering motorist, as well as an engineer, and metallurgist. She established her own firm & served as the chair of the Women's Engineering Society from 1922 to 1926. https://womenengineerssite.wordpress.com/2019/02/19/miss-benest-and-miss-griff-one-woman-several-names-many-talents-part-2-of-a-strange-tale/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣4⃣ Yamuna Krishnan @KrishnanYamuna (1974- ) 🇮🇳 Professor of chemistry at the University of Chicago & the co-founder of @EsyaLabs. She has created quantitative imaging technology that uses DNA nanodevices. https://www.seema.com/article/yamuna-krishnan-creates-tiny-machines-from-dna-for
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣5⃣ Geeta Narlikar (1970- ) 🇮🇳 🇺🇸 Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Geeta Narlikar has pioneered the application of sophisticated biophysical approaches to study how the folding and compartmentalization of our genome is regulated https://narlikarlab.ucsf.edu/dr-narlikar 
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣6⃣ Marie-Anne Libert (1782-1865) 🇧🇪 Belgian botanist and plant pathologist. One of the first to identify the organism (the oomycete Phytophthora infestans) responsible for the potato blight https://scientificwomen.net/women/libert-marie_anne-182
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣7⃣ Marie Van Brittan Brown (1922-1999) 🇺🇸 Inventor of the home security system (U.S. Patent 3,482,037 ---> https://patents.google.com/patent/US3482037) in 1966, along with her husband Albert Brown https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/brown-marie-van-brittan-1922-1999/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣8⃣ Nancy Y. Ip (1955- ) 🇭🇰 Neuroscientist, Nancy Ip has made seminal discoveries concerning neurotrophic factors and the molecular mechanisms underlying brain development and synaptic plasticity https://www.nature.com/articles/s41556-018-0159-3
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣8⃣9⃣ Grete Hermann (1901-1984) 🇩🇪 German mathematician and philosopher who made important, but often forgotten, contributions to quantum mechanics https://aeon.co/videos/splitting-the-truth-the-philosopher-that-physics-forgot
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣0⃣ Audrey Desgrange (1988- ) @Audreydsg 🇫🇷 Researcher at the Pasteur and Imagine Institutes, Audrey Desgrange studies cardiac morphogenesis during vertebrate development https://www.pasteur.fr/en/research-journal/news/shape-heart-explained-audrey-desgrange
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣1⃣ Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718-1799) 🇮🇹 Italian mathematician & philosopher, she wrote the first comprehensive book on calculus. Appointed by Pope Benedict XIV as chair of mathematics and natural philosophy at the University of Bologna https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/18th-century-lady-mathematician-who-changed-how-calculus-was-taught-180969078/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣2⃣ Alicia Oshlack (1975- ) @AliciaOshlack 🇦🇺 Head of Bioinformatics at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Melbourne, Alicia Oshlack is a leader in implementing new bioinformatics methods for the analysis of NGS data https://www.science.org.au/learning/general-audience/history/interviews-australian-scientists/dr-alicia-oshlack
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣3⃣ Leslie Vosshall (1965- ) @pollyp1 🇺🇸 Neurobiologist, well known for her contributions to the field of olfaction, Leslie Vosshall studies the mechanism of scent recognition in humans and scent attraction to humans by mosquitos. https://www.nature.com/articles/nj7302-145a
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣4⃣ Xia Peisu (1923-2014) 🇨🇳 A renowned computer scientist and educator, one of the pioneers of computer research and education in China. Leading developer of Model 107 China's 1st general-purpose electronic computer https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20200219-xia-peisu-the-computer-pioneer-who-built-modern-china
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣5⃣ Ingrid Daubechies (1954- ) 🇧🇪🇺🇸 Belgian physicist and mathematician, recognized for her study of the mathematical methods that enhance image-compression technology (Daubechies wavelet) used in the JPEG 2000 standard. https://www.simonsfoundation.org/2019/06/12/making-wavelets-a-profile-of-ingrid-daubechies/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣6⃣ Gabrielle-Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet (1706-1749) 🇫🇷 French mathematician recognized for her translation of and commentary on Isaac Newton's 1687 book Principia https://massivesci.com/articles/gabrielle-emilie-du-chatelet-voltaire-newton-physics/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣7⃣ Dame Amanda Gay Fisher (1959- ) 🇬🇧 Director of the London Institute of Medical Sciences @MRC_LMS. She is known for her pioneering work within the fields of lymphocyte development & HIV, discovering the functions of several HIV genes https://lms.mrc.ac.uk/new-years-honour-lms-director/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣8⃣ Khawla Al Khuraya (1973- ) 🇸🇦 Professor of pathology and Director of the he King Fahad National Center for Children's Cancer and Research https://www.w7worldwide.com/dr-khawla-al-khuraya-research/
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣9⃣9⃣ Kumiko Kotera (1982- ) 🇫🇷 Researcher in Astrophysics at the Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris @astroIAP. She is one of the leaders of the international project GRAND that aims at detecting very-high energy cosmic neutrinos http://www.epsnews.eu/2017/02/kumiko-kotera-doing-beautiful-physics-without-giving-up-on-family-art-and-the-rest-of-the-world/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣0⃣ Lise Meitner (1878-1968) 🇦🇹 🇸🇪 Austrian physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics that discovered nuclear fission but was excluded from the Nobel Prize for the discovery (awarded to Otto Hahn in 1944) https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/10/27/lise-meitner/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣1⃣ Flossie Wong-Staal (1946-2020) 🇨🇳🇺🇸 She identified that HIV was the cause of AIDS with Robert Gallo (simultaneously with Montagnier & Barré-Sinoussi). She was the first to clone HIV and genetically map the virus. #RIP https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/17/science/flossie-wong-staal-who-unlocked-mystery-of-hiv-dies-at-73.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣2⃣ Karen Spärck Jones (1935-2007) 🇬🇧 A pioneer of computer science for work combining statistics and linguistics that established the basis for search engines https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/02/obituaries/karen-sparck-jones-overlooked.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣3⃣ Anusuya Chinsamy-Turan (1962- ) @palaeo_prof 🇿🇦 Palaeobiologist in the department of biological Sciences at the University of Cape Town. A global expert on the microscopic structure of the bones of extinct and extant vertebrates. https://www.postmatric.co.za/anusuya-chinsamy-turan-palaeobiologist/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣4⃣ Rajini Rao (1962- ) @madamscientist 🇮🇳 🇺🇸 Professor of physiology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. She studies the roles of intracellular cation transport in human health and disease https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/profiles/results/directory/profile/8404811/rajini-rao
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣5⃣ Francisca Oboh-Ikuenobe (1962- ) @francaoi 🇳🇬 Geoscientist specializing in palynology & sedimentology that uses organic-walled microfossils such as pollen, spores and dinoflagellates to unravel the history of the Earth. https://trowelblazers.com/francisca-oboh-ikuenobe/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣6⃣ Ewine van Dishoeck (1955- ) 🇳🇱 Professor of molecular Astrophysics at @UniLeiden, Ewine van Dishoeck has spent her career studying the chemistry and evolution of the myriad molecules sprinkled throughout the universe. https://www.kavlifoundation.org/science-spotlights/2018-kavli-prize-astrophysics-conversation-ewine-van-dishoeck#.XxrIuudS9PY
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣7⃣ Françoise Combes (1952- ) 🇫🇷 Astrophysicist at the Paris Observatory & professor at the Collège de France. She explored how distant galaxies form, evolve, merge and die. https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/astronomy/wia.php
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣8⃣ Elisabeth Gateff (1932- )🇧🇬🇩🇪 Professor of genetics who was the first to use Drosophila to identify tumor-suppressor genes (---> https://science.sciencemag.org/content/200/4349/1448) https://www.jfcr.or.jp/princehitachiprize/e/2000.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣0⃣9⃣ Dame Janet Thornton (1949- ) 🇬🇧 Former director of @emblebi (2001-2015), Janet Thornton is one of the world's leading researchers in structural bioinformatics to understand protein structure and function. https://www.ebi.ac.uk/research/thornton
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣0⃣ Jennifer Heemstra @jenheemstra (1978- ) 🇺🇸 Chemistry professor & science communicator extraordinaire, her lab focused on harnessing the molecular recognition & self-assembly properties of nucleic acids for applications in bioimaging. https://www.heemstralab.com/ 
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣1⃣ Mary Logan Reddick (1914-1966) 🇺🇸 Neuroembryologist who studied the development of the medulla in chicken embryo. One of the 1st African-American women PhDs in biology. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/mary-logan-reddick-1914-1966/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣2⃣ Eloísa Díaz Inzunza (1866-1950) 🇨🇱 The first woman to become a doctor-surgeon in Chile and Latin America in 1887. As a philanthropist, Díaz founded several kindergartens, polyclinics for the poor, and school camps. https://chiletoday.cl/site/recognizing-dr-eloisa-diaz/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣3⃣ Giuliana Cavaglieri Tesoro (1921-2002) 🇮🇹 Organic chemist who made a number of contributions to the fiber and textile industry. One of her most well-known inventions is the flame-retardant fiber. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giuliana_Tesoro
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣4⃣ Ismahane Elouafi @IsmahaneElouafi (1971- ) 🇲🇦 Director-general of the Dubai-based @ICBAAgriculture, Ismahane Elouafi & her team are working to find plants that can stand up to the heat. https://www.biosaline.org/content/welcome-international-center-biosaline-agriculture
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣5⃣ Claudine Hermann (1945- ) 🇫🇷 Honorary Professor of Physics at @Polytechnique, expert in optics of solids and founding member of @EPWS & @FemmesSciences https://epws.org/team/prof-claudine-hermann/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣6⃣ Wendy Anne Bickmore @wendy_bickmore (1961- ) 🇬🇧 Director of @mrc_hgu, an expert in the spatial organisation of the human genome. Her lab studies how this organisation is regulated during development and in genetic diseases. https://www.ed.ac.uk/mrc-human-genetics-unit/research/bickmore-group
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣7⃣ Mária Telkes (1900 -1995) 🇭🇺 🇺🇸 Hungarian-American biophysicist, scientist and inventor who worked on solar energy technologies, considered one of the founders of solar thermal storage systems. https://www.sciencehistory.org/distillations/the-sun-queen-and-the-skeptic-building-the-worlds-first-solar-houses
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣8⃣ Thressa Campbell Stadtman (1920-2016) 🇺🇸 A trailblazer in research on anaerobic electron transport, vitamin B12 metabolism and selenium biochemistry. She identified selenium-dependent enzymes & seleno-tRNAs https://cshlwise.org/wise-wednesdays/thressa-stadtman/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣1⃣9⃣ Marie Maynard Daly (1921-2003) 🇺🇸 American biochemist, the first Black American woman in the US to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry in 1947. She explored the chemistry of histones with Alfred Mirsky. https://www.forbes.com/sites/annapowers/2020/07/31/the-first-african-american-woman-to-earn-a-doctoral-degree-in-chemistry-made-fundamental-contributions-to-protein-synthesis/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣0⃣ Adèle Peugeot (1995- ) 🇫🇷 Chemist who works on the development of artificial photosynthesis technologies (an nartificial leaf that transforms CO2 and water into oxygen and fuels) at Collège de France @cdf1530 https://epws.org/woman-scientist-adele-peugeot/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣1⃣ Narel Paniagua-Zambrana (1973- ) 🇧🇴 Ethnobotanist, Zambrana’s research focuses on documenting and protecting traditional knowledge of plant use by indigenous populations and local communities in Bolivia. https://www.elsevier.com/connect/a-lifes-journey-comes-full-circle-for-this-woman-in-science
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣2⃣ Uduak Okomo @UduakOkomo (1974- ) 🇳🇬 Paediatrician and epidemiologist. Her work focuses on better measurement of and reduction in the burden of maternal and newborn mortality in developing countries. https://www.mrc.gm/mrc-festival-2019-presenter-series-dr-uduak-okomo-saving-newborns-from-infections/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣3⃣ Chanchao Lorthongpanich (1978- ) 🇹🇭 PI at the Siriraj Center of Excellence for Stem Cell Research in Bangkok, she's using bone-marrow stem cells & induced pluripotent stem cells to generate megakaryocytes to treat platelet deficiency https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01693-7
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣4⃣ Bridget Olivia Carragher @bcarra2 (1957- ) 🇺🇸 American physicist, a pioneer in electron microscopy, director of the Simons Electron Microscopy Center @SEMC_NYSBC & co-founder of NanoImaging Services @NanoimagingS https://www.nature.com/articles/s41592-018-0147-3
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣5⃣ Shyamala Gopalan Harris (1938-2009) 🇮🇳 Cancer researcher. Her work in isolating the progesterone receptor gene transformed the understanding of the hormone-responsiveness of breast tissue. https://bcaction.org/2009/06/21/in-memoriam-dr-shyamala-g-harris/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣6⃣ Sri Fatmawati (1980- ) 🇮🇩 Indonesian biologist and chemist, she researched the medical potential of natural substances from plants and fungi, such as Jamu. https://en.antaranews.com/news/103204/sri-fatmawati-wins-international-award-for-career-women-scientist
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣7⃣ Marie-Louise Paris (1889-1969) 🇫🇷 French engineer who founded the Polytechnic School for Women in 1925, one of France's first Grandes Ecoles to train women to be engineers. https://www.epf.fr/en/epf/key-information/epf-s-history
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣8⃣ Lydia Villa-Komaroff (1947- ) 🇲🇽🇺🇸 Molecular Biologist who discover how to use bacterial cells to generate insulin & a founding member of the Society for Advancement of Chicanos/Hispanics and Native Americans in Science @sacnas https://womeninscience.nih.gov/women_scientists/villa-komaroff.asp
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣2⃣9⃣ Carrie Matilda Derick (1862-1941) 🇨🇦 Canadian botanist and geneticist, the first woman in Canada to be made a full professor. Social activist, she championed such causes as women's rights & compulsory school attendance http://trendnewsamerica.blogspot.com/2017/01/carrie-derick-canadian-botanist-and.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣0⃣ Nashwa Eassa (1980- ) 🇸🇩 Nano-particle physicist from Sudan developing oxide semiconductors photocatalyst to be used in water treatment and solar energy. She founded the organisation Sudanese Women in Science in 2013. https://liu.se/en/news-item/hedersdoktor-fran-sudan-kampar-for-fler-kvinnor-inom-akademin
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣1⃣ Barbara Hohn (1939- ) 🇦🇹 A pioneer in molecular biology who studied formation of lambda phage that led to the development of cosmid cloning & genetic transformation and recombination in plants (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) https://fmi.ch/research-groups/former/emeriti/emeriti.html?group=14
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣2⃣ Ritu Karidhal Srivastava (1975- ) 🇮🇳 Aerospace engineer working with the Indian Space Research Organisation @isro, Deputy operations director to India's Mars orbital mission Mangalyaan & mission director of Chandrayaan-2 https://medium.com/sci-illustrate-stories/ritu-karidhal-3cbc8defd403
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣3⃣ Hélène Olivier-Bourbigou (1962- ) 🇫🇷 Head of research in the field of molecular catalysis at @IFPENinnovation, she develops catalysts for industrial processes in line with a more sustainable approach to chemistry. https://www.ifpenergiesnouvelles.com/brief/helene-olivier-bourbigou-scientific-woman-year-2014-irene-joliot-curie-prize
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣4⃣ Sau Lan Wu (1940- ) 🇭🇰 🇺🇸 She has made countless contributions to particle Physics such as the discovery of the J/psi particle (the gluon at the TASSO experiment at DESY) & the Higgs Boson in 2012. https://www.quantamagazine.org/sau-lan-wus-three-major-physics-discoveries-and-counting-20180718/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣5⃣ Nathasia Muwanigwa @Tasia1409 (1993- ) 🇿🇼 Neurobiologist at the Luxembourg Center of Systems Biomedicine, she is using brain organoids to study the molecular mechanisms underlying Parkinson's disease. Co-Founder of @ViSTEM_Africa https://www.forbes.com/sites/andrewwight/2020/02/02/this-scientist-from-zimbabwe-is-helping-make-african-stem-more-visible/#58db9a6057f7
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣6⃣ Angie Lena Turner King (1905-2004) 🇺🇸 Mathematician, chemist & devoted educator. Mentor for several notable students, including entomologist Margaret Strickland Collins (see 6⃣3⃣) and mathematician Katherine Johnson (see 1⃣4⃣) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angie_Turner_King
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣7⃣ Nalini Anantharaman (1976- ) 🇫🇷 Mathematician, winner in 2012 of the Henri Poincaré Prize for mathematical physics for her contributions to quantum chaos & dynamical systems, including the problem of quantum unique ergodicity http://www.usias.fr/en/chairs/nalini-anantharaman/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣8⃣ Alexandra Asanovna Elbakyan (1988- ) 🇰🇿 Computer scientist creator of Sci-Hub to provide mass and public access to tens of millions of research papers for free. https://www.theverge.com/2018/2/8/16985666/alexandra-elbakyan-sci-hub-open-access-science-papers-lawsuit
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣3⃣9⃣ Mary Douglas Leakey (1913-1996) 🇬🇧 Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist who made several fossil finds of great importance in the understanding of human evolution (Laetoli Footprints, Australopithecus boisei) https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2018/01/17/legacy-of-the-leakeys/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣0⃣ Isobel Ida Bennett (1909-2008) 🇦🇺 A renowned australian marine biologist, best known for her pioneering work on the Great Barrier Reef. She was also involved in the first study of plankton to be undertaken in Australian waters. http://www.pittwateronlinenews.com/Dr-Isobel-Ida-Bennett-AO-History.php
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣1⃣ Ruth Ella Moore (1903-1994) 🇺🇸 The first African American woman to earn a PhD in the natural sciences (microbiology in 1933). Her research focus was the bacteriology of tuberculosis and later the the study of blood types https://u.osu.edu/clotheslines/2019/02/14/black-history-month-ruth-ella-moore/comment-page-1/ .
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣2⃣ Alexandra Navrotsky (1943) 🇺🇸 Physical chemist who works in geoscience and materials science. Her research focused on the structure and the stability of nanomaterials along with their dependence of temperature and pressure. https://asunow.asu.edu/20191004-new-mineral-named-honor-asu-professor-alexandra-navrotsky
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣3⃣ Rosanna Anolani Alegado @algoriphagus (1978- ) Native Hawaiian, director of the @HawaiiSeaGrant's Center, she studies the interaction between choanoflagellates and bacteria and how these interactions impact their ecosystem. https://seagrant.soest.hawaii.edu/directory-detail/?smid=32274
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣4⃣ Liliana Lubińska (1904–1990) 🇵🇱 Polish neuroscientist known for her research on the peripheral nervous system and her discovery of bidirectional axonal transport. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00415-020-09787-3
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣5⃣ Johanna Weber (1910-2014) 🇩🇪🇬🇧 German-born British mathematician & aerodynamicist, she challenged the principles of aircraft design in work with Dietrich Küchemann that led to Concorde’s distinctive wingshape. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/nov/09/johanna-weber
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣6⃣ Mary Bertha Stark (1878-1967) 🇺🇸 Trained with Thomas Morgan, she was the first to describe the presence of tumours in Drosophila in 1919. First woman to chair a department (Histology & Embryology) at @nymedcollege in 1926. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6505481/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣7⃣ Yvonne Brill (1924-2013) 🇨🇦 Canadian rocket engineer, she developed rocket, satellite, and jet propulsion technologies (hydrazine resistojet) for geosynchronous communications satellites https://www.sci.umanitoba.ca/yvonnebrill/ 
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣8⃣ Mary Frances Lyon (1925-2014) 🇬🇧 One of the foremost geneticists of the 20th century. She proposed in 1961 that one of the two X chromosomes is stably inactivated during early embryo development (lyonization) https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/science/leading-figures/mary-lyon-geneticist-discovered-women-are-cellular-mosaics/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣4⃣9⃣ Rozsa Péter (1905-1977) 🇭🇺 Hungarian mathematician. She made major contributions to mathematical theory, founder of recursive function theory. https://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Peter/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣0⃣ Anita Conti (1899-1997) 🇫🇷 Explorer, photographer & the 1st french female oceanographer. She explored the seas, documented & scientifically reported the negative effects of industrial fishing. http://www.panthalassa.org/anita-conti-the-sea-lady/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣1⃣ Quarraisha Abdool Karim (1960- ) 🇿🇦 Professor in Clinical Epidemiology, Quarraisha Abdool Karim has devoted her career to developing tools that African women can use to protect themselves against HIV. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2014/oct/28/women-hiv-aids-south-africa-quarraisha-abdool-karim
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣2⃣ Abigail A. Salyers (1942-2013) 🇺🇸 Microbiologist, first female tenured professor at the University of Illinois in 1983. A pioneer of microbiome research, she studied anaerobic bacteria living in the human gut. https://mcb.illinois.edu/remembering/abigail_salyers/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣3⃣ Maria Margarethe Kirch (1670-1720) 🇩🇪 German astronomer, who produced calendars and ephemerides. She was the first woman to discover a comet (Comet 1702 H), a discovery attributed to 2 astronomers in Rome & to her husband Gottfried. https://massivesci.com/articles/maria-kirch-comet-astronomy-margaretha-aurora-borealis-saturn-venus-conjunction/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣4⃣ Kimberly Bryant @6Gems (1967- ) 🇺🇸 Electrical engineer who worked in the pharmaceutical industries. Founder & CEO of @BlackGirlsCode to increase opportunities for women and girls in the tech industry. https://angel.co/blog/how-kimberly-bryant-started-black-girls-code-with-her-401k-and-taught-14
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣5⃣ Maria Mikhàilovna Manàsseina (1841-1903) 🇷🇺 She made the seminal discovery that the process of fermentation is due to specific components that can be isolated from yeast cells but the Nobel prize was awarded to Buchner in 1907 https://wineurope.eu/manasseina-2/ 
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣6⃣ Virginia Man-Yee Lee (1945- ) 🇨🇳🇺🇸 Neuropathologist, se has spent her career discovering and characterizing the misfolded proteins involved in neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease & Parkinson’s disease https://thebumblingbiochemist.com/wisewednesday/virginia-man-yee-lee/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣7⃣ Helen Rodríguez-Trías (1929-2001) 🇵🇷 Pediatrician, educator & women rights activist. The first Latina president of the American Public Health Association. She established Puerto Rico’s first center for newborn babies in the 60s. https://massivesci.com/articles/helen-rodriguez-trias-science-heroes/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣8⃣ Sijue Wu (1964- ) 🇨🇳 Professor in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Michigan. She works in the general field of harmonic analysis & partial differential equations focusing on nonlinear equations from fluid dynamics. https://www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/wu.htm
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣5⃣9⃣ Catherine Dulac @DulacLab (1963- ) 🇫🇷 HHMI Investigator and Higgins Professor of Molecular & Cellular Biology. Her work explores the neuronal basis of innate social behaviors in the mouse. Winner of the @brkthroughprize in 2021. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02586-w
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣0⃣ Kathleen E. Carpenter (1891-1970) 🇬🇧 A pioneering freshwater ecologist known for her early studies of the effects of metal pollution on Welsh rivers and their biota. https://thebiologist.rsb.org.uk/biologist/158-biologist/features/1968-who-was-kathleen-carpenter
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣1⃣ Bertha Lutz (1894-1976) 🇧🇷 Brazilian zoologist & naturalist at the National Museum of Brazil, specializing in poison dart frogs. A driving forces of women’s rights in Brazil politics. https://www.ladyscience.com/feminism-fascism-frogs/no32
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣2⃣ Marie-Paule Kieny @mpkieny (1955- ) 🇫🇷 French virologist and public health expert. She was vaccine research director of WHO from 2002-2010, playing a major leadership role during the Ebola & Zika virus epidemics. https://www.who.int/blueprint/about/marie-paule-kieny/en/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣3⃣ MiMi Aung (1968- ) 🇺🇸 🇲🇲 Electronic engineer, project manager at Jet Propulsion Laboratory @NASAJPL, making the first craft to attempt powered flight on Mars https://sampan.org/from-myanmar-to-mars-mimi-aung-the-project-leader-of-the-mars-helicopter-came-to-the-us-alone-at-16-for-a-better-education/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣4⃣ Laura Bassi (1711-1778) 🇮🇹 Italian physicist, one of the first women to receive a Ph.D. and the first to ever become appointed as a professor at a European University (Bologna) https://interestingengineering.com/7-facts-about-one-of-the-worlds-first-women-scientists-laura-bassi
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣5⃣ Dame Georgina Mace (1953-2020) 🇬🇧 A giant in the field of conservation biology, she was instrumental in developing the criteria for measuring species extinction risk (IUCN Red List of threatened species) https://www.theccc.org.uk/2020/09/21/ccc-deeply-saddened-by-death-of-georgina-mace/ #RIP
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣6⃣ Janet Rowley (1925-2013) 🇺🇸 Cancer genetics pioneer, she identified the first consistent chromosome translocation in any human cancer (AML) and the 9;22 translocation (Philadelphia chromosome) in 1973 https://www.nature.com/articles/505484a
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣7⃣ Li Jingmei @J_i_n_g_m_e_i (1982- ) 🇸🇬 Research scientist at the Genome Institute of Singapore, she is developing a risk scoring system for breast cancer for better screening programs to catch the disease in its early stages. https://china-underground.com/2020/03/16/li-jingmei-scientist-genome-institute-singapore/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣8⃣ Elodie Ghedin @eghedin (1967- ) 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 Canadian-American parasitologist and virologist harnessing the power of genomic sequencing techniques to study Host-pathogen interactions https://www.macfound.org/fellows/5/ 
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣6⃣9⃣ Margarita Chli @MargaritaChli (1983- ) 🇬🇷 Assistant professor at ETH Zurich and leader of the Vision for Robotics Lab that develop fully autonomous helicopter with onboard localization and mapping https://weshape.tech/2020/05/17/role-model-margarita-chli/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣0⃣ Raman Parimala (1948- ) 🇮🇳 Professor of mathematics at Emory University, an expert in algebra with significant contributions to the study of quadratic forms and Galois cohomology http://nobelprizeseries.in/tbis/r-parimala 
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣1⃣ Francine Ntoumi @ffntoumi (1961- ) 🇨🇩 Executive Director of the Congolese Foundation for Medical Research @FCRM76255905, senior lecturer in Immunology, malaria expert who advocates for women in science in Africa. https://www.wwarn.org/about-us/governance-people/professor-francine-ntoumi
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣2⃣ Sarah Mather (1796-1868) 🇺🇸 Unfortunately, not much is known about the life of Sarah Mather. She invented in 1845 an underwater viewing device which was a combination telescope and lamp for submarines : the Aquascope. https://digging-history.com/2014/06/02/mothers-of-invention-sarah-mather-and-martha-coston-also-making-civil-war-naval-history/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣3⃣ Margaret Dayhoff (1925-1983) 🇺🇸 Pioneer in the field of bioinformatics. Her Atlas of Protein Sequence and Structure led to the Protein Information Resource (PIR) database. She developed the one-letter code used for amino acids. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-margaret-dayhoff-helped-bring-computing-scientific-research-180971904/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣4⃣ Marjorie Eileen Doris Courtenay-Latimer (1907-2004) 🇿🇦 She discovered the existence of the coelacanth, a fish thought to have been extinct for 65 million years. JLB Smith, who first described it, named it Latimeria chalumnae. https://blog.biodiversitylibrary.org/2019/03/marjorie-eileen-doris-courtenay-latimer.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣5⃣ Jessie Isabelle Price (1930-2015) 🇺🇸 Microbiologist who developed vaccines to fight against bacterial diseases (Riemerella anatipestifer infection) in waterfowl and commercial ducks. https://poc2.co.uk/2019/03/14/dr-jessie-isabelle-price-veterinary-microbiologist/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣6⃣ Gabrielle Girardeau @DrGabyGab (1985- ) 🇫🇷 Neuroscientist that uses optogenetic to investigate the neural activity occurring during sleep that underlies the normal and pathological processing of emotional memories and anxiety. https://www.inserm.fr/en/research-inserm/meet-our-researchers/atip-avenir-winners/gabrielle-girardeau-understanding-emotional-processing-during-sleep
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣7⃣ Kono Yasui (1880-1971) 🇯🇵 First Japanese woman to earn a doctorate in science (1927). Plant cytology expert who used novel microscopy techniques to study plant cell evolution and the process of coalification. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-pioneering-botanist-broke-down-japans-gender-barriers-180967595
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣8⃣ Huda Yahya Zoghbi (1954- ) 🇱🇧🇺🇸 Lebanese-born American pediatric neurologist, Professor at Baylor College of Medicine. Huda Zoghbi was the first to identify mutations in the MECP2 gene as a cause for Rett syndrome in 1999. https://www.jax.org/news-and-insights/jax-blog/2018/march/women-in-science-huda-zoghbi-autism#
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣7⃣9⃣ Tu Youyou (1930- ) 🇨🇳 Chinese pharmacologist who won the #NobelPrize in Physiology or Medicine in 2015 for her discovery of artemisinin, a compound used to treat malaria, isolated from the sweet wormwood plant. https://www.nobelprize.org/womenwhochangedscience/stories/tu-youyou
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣0⃣ Chung-Pei Ma (1966- ) 🇹🇼 Astrophysicist and cosmologist. She studies the properties of dark matter and dark energy, supermassive black holes, and the large-scale structure of the universe. https://vcresearch.berkeley.edu/faculty/chung-pei-ma
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣1⃣ Alma Levant Hayden (1927-1967) 🇺🇸 Chemist at the FDA and an expert in paper chromatography. She led the team that exposed the common substance in Krebiozen, a long-controversial alternative and expensive drug promoted as anti-cancer. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/the-doctor-said-it-could-cure-cancer-the-federal-chemist-proved-that-it-couldnt/2017/08/26/62e72986-88d0-11e7-a94f-3139abce39f5_story.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣2⃣ Frances Northcutt (1943- ) 🇺🇸 Engineer on NASA's Apollo Program during the space race, the first woman to work in Mission Control (for Apollos 8 through 13). Later in her career, she became an attorney specializing in women's rights. https://astronomy.com/news/2019/05/poppy-northcutt-the-only-woman-in-the-apollo-control-room
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣3⃣ Valeria de Paiva (1959- ) 🇧🇷 @valeriadepaiva Mathematician and AI Research Scientist, expert in logic and foundations of Mathematics and in logic and semantics of natural language. https://www.maa.org/careers/career-profiles/academia-teaching/valeria-de-paiva
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣4⃣ Lynn Margulis (1938-2011) 🇺🇸 Evolutionary theorist and biologist, the early champion of the theory that eukaryotic cells arose from symbiotic associations of precursor cells related to bacteria (endosymbiosis) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5426843/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣5⃣ Vera Pavlovna Lebedeva (1881-1968) 🇷🇺 Russian physician known for her political activity and her successful efforts to reduce infant mortality. One of the founders of the Maternity & Childhood protection Institute in Russia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vera_Lebedeva
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣6⃣ Ada Lovelace #AdaLovelaceDay (1815-1852) 🇬🇧 Mathematician, writer & computing visionary. Wordly known for her work on Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. https://findingada.com/shop/a-passion-for-science-stories-of-discovery-and-invention/ada-lovelace-victorian-computing-visionary/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣7⃣ Pamela Jane Bjorkman @bjorkmanlab (1956- ) 🇺🇸 Biochemist, a pioneer in structural biology of proteins related to the immune system and proteins involved in the immune responses to viruses https://www.bbe.caltech.edu/people/pamela-j-bjorkman
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣8⃣ Eliane Le Breton (1897–1977) 🇫🇷 French physiologist known for her studies of cellular nutrition and the development of cancer cells https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliane_Le_Breton
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣8⃣9⃣ Barbara R. Grant (1936- ) 🇬🇧 Internationally known with her husband Peter for their remarkable studies demonstrating how very rapid changes in body & beak size in response to changes in the food supply are driven by natural selection https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3145685/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣0⃣ Luz Amparo Triana-Moreno (1977- ) 🇨🇴 Colombian botanist at the University of Caldas. Expert in pteridology – a field of biology that studies ferns and related plants – as well as botany and ecology. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luz_Amparo_Triana-Moreno
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣1⃣ Antje Boetius (1967- ) 🇩🇪 Professor of geomicrobiology, Director of @AWI_de. Expert on methane-based metabolisms & marine carbon cycle, she plays an active role in research policy and warns about climate change. https://www.mpg.de/10810040/antje-boetius
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣2⃣ Toshiko Yuasa (1909-1980) 🇯🇵 First female physics graduate in Japan. She worked with Frederic Joliot-Curie on radioactivity. At the CNRS (where she remained for the rest of her career), she worked on beta decay using Wilson chamber. http://www.ne.jp/asahi/kaeru/kawashima/yuasa/yuasa.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣3⃣ Purnima Sinha (1927-2015) 🇮🇳 Writer, musician and first female physicist from Calcutta University, a protégé of Satyendra Nath Bose. She did tremendous work in the field of x-ray crystallography of clay minerals. https://www.livehistoryindia.com/herstory/2019/05/26/dr-purnima-sinha-pioneering-physicist
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣4⃣ Katherine Adebola Okikiolu (1965- ) 🇬🇧🇳🇬 British mathematician, the first black recipient to receive a Sloan Research Fellowship. She is known for her work with elliptic differential operators. http://www.math.buffalo.edu/mad/PEEPS/okikiolu_katherine.html
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣5⃣ Habiba Sayeed Alsafar (1977- ) 🇦🇪 Director of the Center of Biotechnology for @KhalifaUni, widely recognized for her work on identifying genetic risk factors for diabetes in the native Bedouin population of the United Arab Emirates https://www.thenationalnews.com/uae/emirati-researcher-wins-for-women-in-science-award-1.271694
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣6⃣ Thelma Estrin (1924-2014) 🇺🇸 Computer scientist & engineer who did pioneering work in the fields of expert systems and biomedical engineering. She was one of the first to apply computer technology to healthcare and medical research. https://news.wisc.edu/uw-women-at-150-computer-scientist-thelma-estrin/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣7⃣ Anne-Marie Imafidon @aimafidon (1990- ) 🇬🇧 Computer scientist, cofounder of @Stemettes – an award-winning social enterprise inspiring the next generation of females into Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. https://afroscientric.com/2017/05/24/this-27-year-old-nigerian-scientist-got-honoured-by-queen-elizabeth/
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣8⃣ Nathalie Carrasco @Carras5Nathalie (1977- ) 🇫🇷 Professor at Versailles University, she is specialized in the study of the atmospheric chemical systems of Titan, the largest satellite of Saturn. http://carrasco.page.latmos.ipsl.fr/Research.html 
#366womeninSTEM 2⃣9⃣9⃣ Dorthe Dahl-Jensen (1958- ) 🇩🇰 Paleoclimatology professor at the Niels Bohr Institute (Copenhagen), an authority in the study of permafrost, snow, and ice as an integral part of the climate system. https://news.umanitoba.ca/below-the-surface/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣0⃣ Henrietta Lacks #HeLa100 (1920-1951) 🇺🇸 Henrietta's HeLa cells, taken without her or her family's knowledge or consent, became one of the most important tools in our fight against cancer. Thank you Henrietta for this legacy. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02494-z
#366womeninSTEM 1⃣ - 3⃣0⃣0⃣ If this is of interest to you, link to the pdf file with the first 300 portraits …https://aninfinityofhypotheses.files.wordpress.com/2020/10/womeninstem-1_300.pdf
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣1⃣ Canan Dağdeviren @dagdevirencanan (1985- ) 🇹🇷 Materials scientist, assistant professor at the MIT. She works to create mechanically adaptive electromechanical systems such as wearable blood pressure sensors.
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣2⃣ Ruth Arnon (1933- ) 🇮🇱 Biochemist and renowned immunologist for the development of Copaxone, a drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Former vice president of the Weizmann Institute of Science (1988–97). https://www.amacad.org/person/ruth-arnon
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣3⃣ Laurence Devillers @lau_devil (1962- ) 🇫🇷 Professor of artificial intelligence & ethics at Paris-Sorbonne, National Pilot Committee for Digital Ethics (CNPEN) member. Expert in Human-Machine affective interaction & ethics. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurence_Devillers
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣4⃣ Angelika Amon (1967-2020) 🇦🇹🇺🇸 Cell biologist & cancer researcher who has made fundamental contributions to our understanding of the cell cycle. May she continue inspiring generations of women in science to follow her steps. #RIP https://ist.ac.at/en/news/scientific-board-member-angelika-amon-passed-away/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣5⃣ Ying Shirley Meng @YingShirleyMen1 (1976- ) 🇸🇬 Nano-engineer, director of the laboratory for energy storage & conversion (LESC), specialized in creating new tools & techniques for visualizing what’s happening as a battery fails. https://www.advancedsciencenews.com/shirley-meng-this-is-materials-science-it-is-the-bread-and-butter-of-our-work/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣6⃣ Nergis Mavalvala (1968- ) 🇵🇰🇺🇸 Professor of Astrophysics, dean of MIT’s School of Science, renowned for her pioneering work in gravitational-wave detection, which she conducted as a leading member of LIGO. https://thewellesleynews.com/2020/09/01/wellesley-alumna-appointed-first-woman-dean-of-mits-school-of-science/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣7⃣ Mirjana Pović (1981- ) 🇷🇸 Astrophysicist who works on galaxy formation and evolution. She worked on development in astronomy, science and education in different parts of Africa, and in particular in Ethiopia. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07198-z
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣8⃣ Margaret Ebunoluwa Aderin-Pocock (1968- ) 🇬🇧 Space scientist and brilliant science communicator, presenter of the BBC’s The Sky at Night @BBCStargazing https://www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/space/2019/11/i-have-grown-older-i-have-seen-my-minority-position-advantage-ability-stand-out-crowd
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣0⃣9⃣ Witri Wahyu Lestari (1980- ) 🇮🇩 Inorganic chemistry lecturer at Sebelas
Maret University, her research focuses on the synthesis of MOFs and their
potential applications as new materials https://www.asianscientist.com/2018/02/topnews/elsevier-owsd-prize-women-scientists/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣0⃣ Pelagueïa Iakovlevna Poloubarinova-Kotchina (1899-1999) 🇷🇺 Applied mathematician who worked on fluid mechanics & hydrodynamics, centered upon the problem of filtration & creating a mathematical model for how water moved underground. https://ngwa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1745-6584.2006.00266.x
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣1⃣ Katherine Esau (1898-1997) 🇩🇪🇺🇸 Botanist born in Ukraine, pioneer for her research into the effects of viruses upon plant tissues, and her studies of plant tissue structures with use of electron microscope https://www.ccber.ucsb.edu/ucsb-natural-history-collections-library-and-historical-information-katherine-esau/esaus-career
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣2⃣ Ozak-Obazi Oluwaseyi Esu @esu_o (1991- ) 🇳🇬 Electrical engineer for Building Research Establishment (BRE). She develops smart building and she is helping to improve access to STEM education in Nigeria. https://stemettes.org/zine/profiles/meet-dr-ozak-esu/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣3⃣ Anaïs Orsi (1981- ) 🇫🇷 Climate scientist studying global warming through changes in polar ice. Her research has shown a rapid increase in temperature over the past 50 years within the Antarctic region. https://www.lindau-nobel.org/lindau-alumna-anais-orsi-wins-prix-loreal-unesco-for-women-in-science/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣4⃣ Joan Maie Freeman (1918-1998) 🇦🇺 Nuclear physicist, the 1st woman to be awarded the British Institute of Physics' Rutherford Medal for her research of beta decay which plays a key role in the establishment of electroweak theory. https://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/pubs/articles/tps/tps_freeman.htm
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣5⃣ Özlem Türeci (1967- ) 🇩🇪🇹🇷 Physician, expert in cancer research, immunology & development of new therapeutic concepts. Chief medical officer of BioNTech, founded with her husband Uğur Şahin, that develops mRNA-based viral vaccines. https://sifted.eu/articles/biontech-coronavirus-vaccine/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣6⃣ Hailan Hu (1973- ) 🇨🇳 Executive Director of the Center for Neuroscience at @ZJU_China, she studies the neural mechanisms underlying social behaviors and psychiatric diseases. https://www.zju.edu.cn/english/2019/0715/c19573a1297976/page.htm
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣7⃣ Katalin Karikó @kkariko (1955- ) 🇭🇺 Biochemist specialized in RNA-mediated immune activation resulting in the discovery of the nucleoside modifications that suppress the immunogenicity of RNA, a key discovery for mRNA-based vaccine https://www.statnews.com/2020/11/10/the-story-of-mrna-how-a-once-dismissed-idea-became-a-leading-technology-in-the-covid-vaccine-race/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣8⃣ Fadji Zaouna Maina @Yafadj (1991- ) 🇳🇪 Earth scientist that uses high-performance computing & remote-sensing methods to understand the impacts of climate extremes & wildfires on water resources. First Nigerien scientist to join NASA. https://www.theafricareport.com/41436/nigers-first-scientist-to-join-nasa-national-symbol-at-age-29/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣1⃣9⃣ Theano of Croton (6th-century BC) 🇬🇷 1 of the 17 women mentioned by history member of the Pythagorean School. She wrote several treatises on mathematics, on proportions, on order, on harmony, … https://www.ancient-origins.net/history-famous-people/theano-woman-who-ruled-pythagoras-school-005965
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣0⃣ Helen Rhoda Quinn (1943- ) 🇦🇺🇺🇸 Theoretical physicist. Her groundbreaking work include the Peccei–Quinn theory & the search for the unified theory of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions of fundamental particles. https://www.1mwis.com/profiles/Helen-Quinn
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣1⃣ Pamela C. Ronald @pcronald (1961- ) 🇺🇸 Professor in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of California, her laboratory has genetically engineered rice for resistance to diseases and tolerance to flooding https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/05/150502-nginnovators-rice-genetic-engineering-gm-organic-farming-pamela-ronald/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣2⃣ Elizabeth Bugie Gregory (1920-2001) 🇺🇸 Biochemist who identified Streptomycin (the 1st antibiotic effective against tuberculosis) with Schatz & Waksman. Waksman was later accused of playing down the role of Bugie & Schatz. http://www.scientistafoundation.com/discovher-science/elizabeth-bugie-the-invisible-woman-in-the-discovery-of-streptomycin
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣3⃣ Amalie Emmy Noether (1882-1935) 🇩🇪 Mathematician who made key contributions to abstract algebra. She also developed a mathematical principle (Noether's theorem) that explains the connection between symmetry and conservation laws. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/emmy-noether-theorem-legacy-physics-math
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣4⃣ Marie Korsaga @MarieKorsaga (1986- ) 🇧🇫 West Africa’s first female astrophysicist, her research focuses on the distribution of dark matter and visible matter in galaxies. https://www.iafrikan.com/2020/02/22/marie-korsaga-west-africas-first-female-astrophysicist/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣5⃣ Ingeborg J. Hochmair-Desoyer (1953- ) 🇦🇹 Electrical engineer, CEO of MED-EL @medel. She created the first micro-electronic multi-channel cochlear implant in the world with her husband. http://www.laskerfoundation.org/awards/show/modern-cochlear-implant/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣6⃣ Edmée Chandon (1885-1944) 🇫🇷 First french woman professional astronomer at the Paris Observatory in 1912 and first French woman to obtain a doctorate in mathematics in 1930. https://www.observatoiredeparis.psl.eu/edmee-chandon-premiere-femme.html?lang=en
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣7⃣ Kamala Sohonie (1911-1998) 🇮🇳 Biochemist who became the 1st Indian woman to receive a PhD in a scientific discipline (1939). Her work on proteins in milk, pulse & legumes had important implications for nutritional practices in India. https://medium.com/sci-illustrate-stories/kamala-sohonie-18cc8aec0252
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣8⃣ Mary Broadfoot Walker (1888-1974) 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scottish physician who, in 1935, described in great detail the effect of an anticholinesterase drug (physostigmine) on the signs and symptoms of myasthenia gravis. https://litfl.com/mary-broadfoot-walker/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣2⃣9⃣ Catalina Pimiento @pimientoc (1983- ) 🇨🇴 Colombian paleobiologist that uses macro-ecological studies and meta-analyses to investigate the fossil record of sharks, particularly to understand the extinction mechanisms of Megalodon. https://thewomanpost.com/34791-meet-the-colombian-scientist-expert-in-shark-studies.html
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣0⃣ Paula Therese Hammond (1963- ) 🇺🇸 Head of the MIT Department of Chemical Engineering, a pioneer in nanotechnology. Her laboratory designs polymers and nanoparticles for drug delivery and electrochemical energy devices. https://www.sciencehistory.org/historical-profile/paula-hammond
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣1⃣ Sheree Atcheson @nirushika (1991- ) 🇱🇰 Computer scientist and passionate advocate for gaining and retaining women in the tech industry. @WomenWhoCode global ambassador, working to eradicate the gender bias. https://www.oneyoungworld.com/blog/40-under-40-get-know-sheree-atcheson
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣2⃣ Susan Solomon (1956- ) 🇺🇸 Chemist. She was the first to propose the chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) free radical reaction mechanism as the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole. http://stemsational-figures.co.uk/?page_id=104 
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣3⃣ Mariam “Al-Astrulabi” Al-Ijiliya (10th century) 🇸🇾 Astronomer who lived in Aleppo in about 950. Specialized in developing Astrolabes. The main-belt asteroid (7060) Al-'Ijliya was named in her honor. https://nustscienceblog.wordpress.com/2013/12/28/mariam-al-astrulabi/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣4⃣ Ālenush Teriān (1920-2011) 🇮🇷 Iran’s first female astronomer, called the “mother of Iranian astronomy'. The first ever female professor of physics in Iran (1964). 1 of the founders of the solar observatory at the University of Tehran https://armenianweekly.com/2010/12/20/iran-honors-first-female-astronomer-alenoush-terian/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣5⃣ Margaretha Kellenberger-Gujer (1919-2011) 🇨🇭 Swiss molecular biologist who pioneered fundamental studies of bacteriophage in the mid-20th century. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4951002/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣6⃣ Harriet Brooks (1876-1933) 🇨🇦 1st Canadian female nuclear physicist who was pivotal in determining that elements undergo transmutation during radioactive decay. https://womenyoushouldknow.net/nuclear-physicist-harriet-brooks/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣7⃣ Valerie L. Thomas (1943- ) 🇺🇸 Inventor and scientist who invented the illusion transmitter & developed the digital media formats image processing systems used in the early years of the Landsat program https://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/article/face-behind-landsat-images-meet-dr-valerie-l-thomas
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣8⃣ Marie-Paule Cani (1965- ) 🇫🇷 Head of the modeling, simulation & learning pole at Ecole Polytechnique. She elaborates more intuitive methods for creating 3D shapes in motion and their organization into complex virtual worlds. https://speakers.acm.org/speakers/cani_10382
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣3⃣9⃣ Deborah Enilo Ajakaiye (1940- ) 🇳🇬 Geophysicist, the first female professor of physics in Africa in 1980. Her work with geovisualization has been used to locate both mineral deposits and groundwater in Nigeria. https://awleadershipnarratives.wordpress.com/2019/03/17/african-women-in-stem-series-prof-deborah-enilo-ajakaiye/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣0⃣ Marian Ellina Stamp Dawkins (1945- ) 🇬🇧 Professor of ethology at the University of Oxford, a leading expert in the scientific study of animal behaviour and welfare. https://www.zoo.ox.ac.uk/people/marian-stamp-dawkins-frs-cbe
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣1⃣ Faith Hope Among’in Osier @FaithOsier (1972- ) 🇰🇪 Immunologist. Her research focuses on the mechanisms of immunity against Plasmodium falciparum. She aims to translate this knowledge into vaccines against malaria. https://www.immunopaedia.org.za/interviews/immunologist-of-the-month-2017/faith-osier-interview/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣2⃣ Elizaveta Karamihailova (1897-1968) 🇧🇬 First Bulgarian nuclear physicist. She worked in Vienna with Marietta Blau. They were the first to observe neutron radiation in 1931. https://inis.iaea.org/search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN:43130492
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣3⃣ Marie-Geneviève-Charlotte Thiroux d'Arconville (1720-1805) 🇫🇷 French chemist, anatomist, and historian. She wrote or translated anonymously dozens of texts on scientific matters including her own original work on putrefaction. https://biblio.uottawa.ca/en/archives-and-special-collections/blog/document-month-feb-2019
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣4⃣ Eunice Newton Foote (1819-1888) 🇺🇸 Scientist and activist for women’s rights, she was the first to report the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide in 1856 (unfortunately no known pictures of her) https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/21/obituaries/eunice-foote-overlooked.html
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣5⃣ Rhiannon Morris @Scientist_Rhi (1992- ) 🇦🇺 Biochemist and Science communicator extraordinaire, she studies the structure and function of proteins that regulate haematopoiesis (JAK-STAT pathway). https://rhiannonmorris.net/about-rhi/ 
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣6⃣ Dorothy M. Horstmann (1911-2001) 🇺🇸 Epidemiologist, virologist and polio pioneer. Her work with Isabel Morgan were paramount to the polio vaccines’ success. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3117421/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣7⃣ Mazlan Binti Othman @MazlanAstropx (1951- ) 🇲🇾 Malaysia’s first astrophysicist, 2-time director of UN Office for Outer Space Affairs @UNOOSA. Head of the Angkasawan project that saw the first Malaysian astronaut in space https://my.asiatatler.com/society/astrophysicist-mazlan-othman-unoosa-space-angkasa
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣8⃣ Catherine Hill (1946- ) 🇫🇷 Epidemiologist & Biostatistician, former researcher at the Gustave Roussy Cancer Institute, she was part of French National Agency for the Safety of Medicines and Health Products https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Hill
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣4⃣9⃣ Mary Somerville (1780-1872) 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Pioneering & eminent mathematician and astronomer. The first woman (with Caroline Herschel) member of the Royal Astronomical Society. Ada Lovelace's tutor and mentor. https://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Somerville/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣0⃣ Margaret Heafield Hamilton (1936- ) 🇺🇸 Computer scientist who led the Software Engineering Division of the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, which in 1961 contracted with NASA to develop the Apollo program’s guidance system. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/margaret-hamilton-led-nasa-software-team-landed-astronauts-moon-180971575/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣1⃣ Meemann Chang (1936- ) 🇨🇳 Palaeontologist who studied the fossils of ancient fish to understand the evolution of life. Several species have been named in her honour, including the extinct fish Meemannia. http://vertpaleo.org/the-Society/Awards/Past-Award-Winners/2016-Awardees/2016-Romer-Simpson-Medal.aspx
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣2⃣ Urtė Neniškytė (1983- ) 🇱🇹 Neuroscientist at Vilnius University’s Life Sciences Centre who studied the cellular mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease & the signalling pathways that drive developmental pruning of unnecessary synapses. https://www.lmt.lt/en/about-the-research-council/board/dr.-urte-neniskyte/2984
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣3⃣ Elizabeth Jocelyn Feinler (1931- ) 🇺🇸 From 1972 to 1989, she built & ran the Network Information Center (NIC) for the ARPANET (precursor to today’s Internet). Her group also managed the current domain naming system (.com, .org, .edu) http://womenatthecenter.nyhistory.org/elizabeth-feinler-and-the-history-of-the-internet/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣4⃣ Tilly Edinger (1897-1967) 🇩🇪 🇺🇸 One of the leading vertebrate paleontologists of the 20th century. She is credited with founding the field of paleoneurology, or the study of fossil brains. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/woman-who-shaped-study-fossil-brains-180968254/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣5⃣ Asha de Vos @ashadevos (1979- ) 🇱🇰 Marine biologist, ocean educator & pioneer of blue whale research within the Northern Indian Ocean. Founder and executive director of @OceanswellOrg, a marine conservation research organisation. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/projects/explorers/asha-de-vos/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣6⃣ Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) 🇬🇧 Statistician and founder of modern nursing. She invented polar-area charts during Crimean War, where the statistic being represented is proportional to the area of a wedge in a circular diagram https://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/objects-and-stories/florence-nightingale-pioneer-statistician
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣7⃣ Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717) 🇩🇪 Ecologist and entomologist (before those terms existed). With her drawings of insects and plants, she opened up a new field in science in an unusual way, breaking the scientific moulds of the time. https://theconversation.com/hidden-women-of-history-maria-sibylla-merian-17th-century-entomologist-and-scientific-adventurer-112057
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣8⃣ Kristala Jones Prather (1972- ) 🇺🇸 Chemical engineer at @MIT working on recombinant microorganisms for the production of small molecules. She converted Escherichia coli into chemical factories. http://spectrum.mit.edu/articles/tiny-living-factories/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣5⃣9⃣ Dilhan Eryurt (1926-2012) 🇹🇷 First Turkish woman to work as a scientist at NASA. She was one of the astronomers and scientists responsible for the historic Apollo 11 lunar mission landing journey. https://www.mirror.co.uk/science/inspirational-story-dilhan-eryurt-whose-22383070
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣0⃣ Vera Helfrid Victoria Sandberg (1895-1979) 🇸🇪 Sweden's first female engineer in 1917. She worked at an oil factory, a rubber factory & a cable plant. She talked about the difficulties women faced in science throughout her lifetime. https://skbl.se/en/article/VeraSandberg
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣1⃣ Yasmine Belkaid @BelkaidLab (1968- ) 🇩🇿🇫🇷 Immunologist, senior investigator at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases @NIAIDNews. Expert in host-microbe interactions and immune regulation to microbes. https://www.niaid.nih.gov/research/yasmine-belkaid-phd
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣2⃣ Ida Holz Bard (1935- ) 🇺🇾 Engineer & computer scientist, pioneer in the field of computing and the Internet in Uruguay beginning in the early 1990s. https://medium.com/a-computer-of-ones-own/ida-holz-latin-american-internet-pioneer-22554cd6c7a9
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣3⃣ Claire Voisin (1962- ) 🇫🇷 Professor at Collège de France. Her pioneering discoveries have answered fundamental questions on the geometry, the topology and Hodge structures of complex algebraic varieties. https://www.europeanwomeninmaths.org/claire-voisin/ 
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣4⃣ Asima Chatterjee (1917-2006) 🇮🇳 Organic chemist, the first woman in India to earn a doctorate in science (1944) & the first to be elected as the General President of the Indian Science Congress (1975). https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/women-scientists-of-india-dr-asima-chatterjee/rgKiCdKgS8UJIw
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣5⃣ Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin (1900-1979) 🇬🇧🇺🇸One of the 20th century’s most illustrious astronomers, she was the first to determine that the stars were made of hydrogen and helium. She faced gender discrimination. https://blog.sciencemuseum.org.uk/cecilia-payne-a-rebel-against-the-feminine-role/
#366womeninSTEM 3⃣6⃣6⃣ Sophie Sarrazin-Verger (1967- ) 🇫🇷 A very personal portrait to finish this thread. Biologist, she worked on the biochemistry & genetics of peroxisome biogenesis disorders. She quits science a long time ago due to job insecurity & a lack of funding.
You can follow @Alexis_Verger.
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